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Top 200 - ANALGESIC - CV

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tvo16's version from 2017-12-26 19:34

ANALGESIC

ANALGESIC

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
acetaminophenTylenol, OfirmevAnalgesicOral: tablet, elixir, gelcap, suspension, capsule, solution, rectal suppository; INJECTIONN/AHepatotoxicity; max 4g/dLimit EtOH consumption, watch out for APAP in other OT & Rx products; do not exceed max daily dose
Methyl salicylate+MentholBenGayTopical Analgesicexternal: balm, foam, patch, stick, spray
AspirinBayer,Bufferin, Ecotrin (all OTC)Antiplatelet, Salicylate AnalgesicOral:immediate release, EC, Buffered, chewable, and controlled-release tablets; gum; rectal suppositorybleeding/bruishing, stomach upsetdo not use in kid < 18yotake with food to prevent stomach upset, caution with warfarin d/t bleeding risk, take at night if taking for CV protection
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OPIOID

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
Buprenorphine/ naloxonesuboxoneAnalgesic:Opioid Receptor Partial Agonist/ Opioid AntagonistN/AN/AAllow SQ tablets & film to dissolve completely. Do not use other opioid med while you are taking Buprenorphine-Naloxone
Hydrocodone/apapLortab, Lorcet, Norco Vicodin, Zydone, VariousOpioid and analgesicsedation, constipation, respiratory depressionN/ACaution when driving until used to the med,limit/avoid EtOH intake with use, caution with other CNS depressants (ex: benzos,alcohol),limit APAP intake to daily max,constipation
Oxycodone and Oxycodone with acetaminophenOxycodone=Oxycontin, OxyIR, Roxicodone Oxycodone with acetaminophen=Endocet, Percocet, Roxicet, PrimlevOpioid ( oxycodone + acetaminophen - opioid/ analgesic)sedation, constipation, respiratory depressionN/AN/Acaution when driving until used to the med,limit/avoid EtOH intake with use, caution with other CNS depressants (ex: benzos, alcohol),limit APAP intake to daily max,constipation
TramadolUltramOpioid and analgesicsedation, seizuresN/A: N/Acaution when driving until used to the med,limit/avoid EtOH intake with use, caution with other CNS depressants (ex: benzos, alcohol),constipation
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NSAID

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
CelecoxibcelebrexNSAID:selective COX-2 inhibitororal capsuleGI:irritation, bleeding, ulcersIncrease risk of adverse CV events,do not use in pregnancy
Ibuprofenadvil, motrinNSAIDtab, chewable tab, cap, sol, suspension, external creamGI:stomach upset, irritation, ulcersincrease risk of adverse CV events,do not use in pregnancytake with food to reduce DI ADRs
KetorolactoradolNSAIDoral tab, injection, ophthalmicGI:stomach upset, irritation, ulcersincrease risk of adverse CV events,do not use in pregnancydo not use over 5 days
Naproxenaleve, naprosyn, anaprox, anaprox DSNSAIDoral:cap, suspension, tab (immediate and extended release)GI:stomach upset, irritation, ulcersincrease risk of adverse CV events,do not use in pregnancytake with food to reduce DI ADRs
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CV

Calcium Channel Blocker

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
amlodipineNorvascCalcium Channel Blocker - DihydropyridineOral tablethypotension, peripheral edemaN/AMonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension,peripheral swelling
diltiazemCardizem, Cardizem CD, Cardizem LA, Cartia XT, Dilacor XRCalcium Channel Blocker - Non dihydropyridineOral: extended release capsule, tablet (immediate and extended release); injectionhypotension, bradycardiaN/AMonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension
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Adrenergic Agonist

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
dobutamineDobutrexAdrenergic Agonist (beta-1)INJECTIONtachycardia, PVCs
dopamineNoneAdrenergic Agonist (Dopaminergic, beta-1, alpha)INJECTIONangina, HTN
epinephrineAdrenalin, EpiPen, Twinject, Auvi-QAdrenergic Agonist (alpha, beta)INJECTION including prefilled autoinjectors; solution for inhalationN/AN/AIM administration in the middle of the thigh (anterolateral) is preferred
clonidineCatapres, Catapres-TTS-1, Catapres-TTS-2, Catapres-TTS-3Alpha-2 Adrenergic AgonistTablet, Transdermal patchhypotension, sedationN/AMonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension,sedation - adherence important-apply clonidine patches to clean,dry skin on a hairless area on the upper,outer arm or upper chest every 7 days
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Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitor

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
enalapril/enalaprilatVasotec (enalapril), Vasotec IV (enalaprilat)Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) InhibitorOral-tablet, solution, INJECTION (enalaprilat)hypotension, hyperkalemia, cough, angioedemaavoid in pregnancy,may inc SCr when initiatingmonitor BP at home, s/s hypotension,notify if dry persistent cough,s/s edema
lisinoprilPrinivil, ZestrilAngiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) InhibitorOral-tablethypotension, hyperkalemia, cough, angioedemaavoid in pregnancy,may inc SCr when initiatingmonitor BP at home, s/s hypotension,notify if dry persistent cough,s/s edema
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Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker (ARB)

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
LosartanCozaarAngiotensin II Receptor Blocker (ARB)Oral-tablethypotension, hyperkalemia, angioedemaavoid in pregnancy,may inc SCr when initiatingmonitor BP at home, s/s hypotension
ValsartanDiovanAngiotensin II Receptor Blocker (ARB)Oral tablethypotension, hyperkalemia, angioedemaavoid in pregnancy,may inc SCr when initiatingmonitor BP at home, s/s hypotension
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Diuretic

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
HydrochlorothiazideMicrozideDiuretic:ThiazideOral:tablet, capsulehypokalemia, hypotensionN/AMonitor BP at home, s/s hypotension
MetolazoneZaroxolynDiuretic:ThiazideOral:tablet
FurosemideLasixLoop diureticOral:tablet, solution; INJECTIONhypokalemia, hypomagesemia, dehydration, iv-hypotension, ototoxicityN/AMonitor daily weights,BP at home,s/s hypotension,s/s dehydration,take earlier in day to avoid urination at night
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Vasodilator

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
HydralazineApresolineVasodilatorOral:tablet; INJECTIONhypotensionN/AMonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension
Isosorbide dinitrate, isosorbide mononitrateDinitrate:Isordil,Dilatrate-SR, IsoDitrate ER; mononitrate:ImdurVasodilatorOral:sublingual-generic, Dilatrate-SR-extended release capsule, Isordil-tablet, IsoDitrate-extended release tablet, Imdur-Tablet (immediate and extended release)HA, orthostatic hypotensiondo not use concurrently with PDE-5 inhibitorsdo not chew or crush.Allow 14h nitrate free period for immediate release
NitroglycerinMinitran, Nitro-Bid, Nitro-Dur, Nitro-Time, Nitrolingual, NitroMist, Nitrostat, Rectiv, NitronalVasodilatorOral:extended release capsule, sublingual tablet, sublingual spray; transdermal ointment and patch; rectal ointment (Rectiv); INJECTIONburning under tongue (sublingual), HA, orthostatic hypotension, hypotension (worse w/ IV)do not use concurrently with PDE-5 inhibitorsSL-burning under tongue,max three doses 5 mins apart,if still having chest pain, call 911,replace opened bottle after 6 mons
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Anticoagulant

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
EnoxaparinLovenoxAnticoagulant:low molecular weight heparinINJECTIONbleeding/bruishing, thrombocytopeniaN/Areport any bleeding/unusual bruishing.how to administer:disinfect injection site and allow to dry or can cause additional pain.Inject into the abdomen(at least 2 inches away from belly bottom and away from moles,scars,bruises).Rotate injection site eaach time.Pinch skin, inject at 90 degreee angle,hold for 5 seconds remove at same angle, release apply pressure but dont rub.Discard in sharps container
RivaroxabanXareltoAnticoagulant:Factor Xa InhibitorOral:tabletbleeding/bruishingN/Areport any bleeding/unusual bruishing.Doses of 15 mg or more must be taken with food. If prescribed for VTE,explain loading dose for first 3 weeks
DabigatranPradaxaAnticoagulant: Direct Thrombin InhibitorOral:capsulebleeding/bruishing, GI upsetN/Areport any bleeding/unusual bleeding.May cause heartburn Sx. keep in the original container.Discard after 120 days of opening lid. Adherence is very important and this is a twice daily med
WarfarinCoumadinAnticoagulantOral tabletbleeding/bruishingdo not use in pregnancyprovide alternative names for warfarin (brand/generic). Go over dosing & mention that dose may change throughout therapy.explain purpose of INR & frequency of checks.Review s/s of bleeding/unusual bruising. Must keep vit.K containing food consistent(provide a food list to pt).Due to having many interactions do not start or stop any med,OTc or herbals w/o consulting prescriber
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BETA-BLOCKER

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
EsmololBreviblocBeta-blocker (B1 Selective)INJECTIONhypotension, bradycardia
Metoprolol succinate and tartrateToprol XL (succinate), Lopressor (tartrate)Beta-blocker (B1 Selective)Oral-tablet; INJECTIONhypotension, bradycardiaN/AMonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension
AtenololTenorminBeta-blocker (B1 Selective)Oral-tablethypotension, bradycardiaN/AMonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension
CarvedilolCoreg, Coreg CRNonselective beta-blocker with alpha 1-blocking activitytablet, extended release capsulehypotension, bradycardiaN/AMonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension
LabetalolTrandate, NormodyneNonselective beta-blocker with alpha-1 blockadeOral tablet; INJECTIONhypotension, bradycardiaN/AMonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension
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Antiplatelet

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
PrasugrelEffientAntiplatelet:ThienopyridineOral tabletbleeding/bruishingN/Areport any bleeding/unusual bleeding
ClopidogrelPlavixAntiplatelet:ThienopyridineOral tabletbleeding/bruishingN/Areport any bleeding/unusual bleeding
TicagrelorBrilintaAntiplatelet:CyclopentyltriazolopyrimidineOral tabletbleeding/bruishingN/Areport any bleeding/unusual bleeding
AspirinBayer,Bufferin, Ecotrin (all OTC)Antiplatelet, Salicylate AnalgesicOral:immediate release, EC, Buffered, chewable, and controlled-release tablets; gum; rectal suppository: bleeding/bruishing, stomach upsetdo not use in kid < 18yotake with food to prevent stomach upset, caution with warfarin d/t bleeding risk, take at night if taking for CV protection
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OTHER CV

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
EzetimibeZetia (Vytorin-ezetimibe + simvastatin)Cholesterol Absorption InhibitorOral tablet
AmiodaroneCordarone, PaceroneClass III AntiarrhythmicOral: tablet, INJECTIONacute:hypotension, bradycardia, chronic:hypo/hyperthyroid, pulmonary fibrosis, corneal deposits, abnormal LFTsN/Atake with food if stomach upset. Call MD if onset of new palpitations. Will need thyroid function & eye exams periodically
DigoxinLanoxin, Digitek, LanoxicapsDigitalis GlycosideOral:tablet, capsule, solution, INJECTIONbradycardia
SpironolactoneAldactonePotassium Sparing Diuretic, Aldosterone AntagonistOral tablethyperkalemia, gynecomastiado not use in pregnancymonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension
Triamterene/HydrochlorothiazideDyazide, Maxzide, Maxzide-25Diuretic:Potassium Sparing/ThiazideOral:tablet, capsulehypotension, triamterene:hyperkalemiaN/Amonitor BP at home,s/s hypotension
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HMG-CoA

Generic nameBrand nameClassFormulative availableCommon SEPrecautionsCouseling Point
SimvastatinZocorHMG-CoA Reductase InhibitorOral tabletmyalgiado not use in pregnancy monitor for s/s of muscle pain or weakness,report brown urine, take at HS for maximal effectiveness
AtorvastatinLipitorHMG-CoA Reductase InhibitorOral tabletmyalgiado not use in pregnancy monitor for s/s of muscle pain or weakness,report brown urine
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