Tobacco Abuse (TA)

kms013's version from 2016-01-28 03:15


Question Answer
What is the leading cause of preventable illness and death in the US?TA
____people live with a serious illness caused by tobacco substances.8.6 million
Who smokes more, men or women? Men smoke 5x the rate of women; average rates were 36% (men), 7% (women)
Smokers are _________ more likely to develop ___ than non smokers.30-40%, Type 2 diabetes
Tobacco use disorderLarger quantities of tobacco over a longer period than intended, a noticeable tolerance to nicotine, withdrawal symptoms upon cessation, unsuccessful efforts to quit
TAD contributes to what cardiovascular diseases?Coronary artery disease, CVD, peripheral vascular disease, DVT, CVA, MI, atherosclerosis, and Buerger's disease`
Pathogenesis of TAD?Nicotine releases dopamine which provides reinforcing effects such as increased arousal, euphoria, relaxation, and decreased fatigue
Smoking causes complicated risks in what three systems?Cardiovascular, vascular, integumentary
What other pulmonary diseases come from TAD?COPD, emphysema, lung cancer, chronic bronchitis, SOB, asthma, increased susceptibility to respiratory diseases
Problems of the integumentary system.Psoriasis, wrinkling, and impaired wound healing
Nicotine induces ___ and further impedes ___ via oxygen deprivation. Impaired immune function, decreased cellular signalling Tissue hypoxia, healing
___cigarettes decrease subcutaneous wound tissue oxygenation for ___ minutes. One, 50
How many ___ per day smoker is ___ for the majority of the day?20, hypoxic
___binds to hemoglobin___ times as strongly as oxygen?CO, 200
___ inhibits enzymatic system required for oxidative metabolism and cellular oxygen transport.Hydrogen cyanide
What are some examples of first line medications?Nicotine replacement products including gum, patches, nasal sprays, and inhalers.
Second line medications.Fluoxetine, clonidine, Nortriptyline
Non nicotine therapies.Buproprion

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