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Tissues

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gemmalesley's version from 2017-08-07 10:48

Section

Question Answer
Types of tissueEpithelial, connective, muscle, nervous
SquamousFlat, horizontal, rectangular
ColumnarTall, vertical, rectangular
CuboidalSquare
Types of layers (epithelial tissue)Simple, stratified
EpitheliumSkin and membranes, continuous with skin
EndotheliumLining of blood vessels
MesotheliumLining of internal body cavity, heart, lungs, abdominal organs
Loose connective tissueFills spaces
Dense connective tissueCollagen/elastic, tendons, ligaments
Specialised connective tissueCartilage, bones, blood
JointsFibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
Types of connective tissueLoose, dense, specialised, joints
Epithelial layersEpithelium, endothelium, mesothelium
Muscle typesStriated/skeletal, smooth, cardiac
Striated/skeletal muscleVoluntary, used to move skeleton
Smooth muscleInvoluntary; blood vessels, visceral organs
Cardiac muscleInvoluntary; fibres connect, communication between cells
Types of nervous tissueGlial cells, neurons, axons
Glial cellsCover neurons; insulation (myelin), repair
NeuronsMultipolar, bipolar, unipolar
AxonsNerve fibres; type A - C = Large, fast -> Small, slow
Nervous tissue transmits info eitherChemically or electronically
SynapseGap between nerves and neuromuscular junction
Conduction/Action Potentialwhen the membrane potential of a specific axon location rapidly rises and fall
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