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Thoracic and Cervical Vertebrae

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Updated 2007-04-04 07:56

Thoracic Identification

ImageIdentity
Substantia Gelatinosa
Dorsal Funicular Gray
Lateral Motor Nuclei
Medial Motor Nuclei
Gracile Fasiculus
Dosolateral Tract (Lissauer's fasiculus)
Lateral Spinothalamic tract
Spinocerebellar Tract
Lateral Corticospinal tract
Ventral Corticospinal tract
Vestibulospinal tract
Nucleus dorsalis (Clarke's Column)
Intermediolateral cell Column of the Lateral Horn
Rubrospinal Tract
Medial Longitudinal Fasiculus (medial vestibulospinal tract)
memorize

Thoracic Function

ImageFunction
Ipsi pain and Temp
Ipsi Pain and Temp
Ipsi Motor Fxn
Ipsi Motor Fxn
Ipsi Tactile and Porioception from Lower Body
Ipsi Pain and Temp
Contra Pain and Temp
Ipsi "Unconscious" Proprioception
Ipsi Voluntary Movement
Contra voluntary muscle controll of body
Ipsi balance, posture
Ipsi "unconscious" proprioception (lower body)
Ipsi Autonomic (preganglionic) sympathetic system
Ipsi Muscle Control
Ipsi Muscle control (balance and posture)
memorize

Thoracic Input

ImageInput
Ipsi Free Nerve Ending
Ipsi Free nerve ending, Substantia Gelatinosa
Contra Cerebral Cortex via corticospinal tract
Contra Cerebral Cortex via corticospinal tract
Ipsi peripheral recepters such as muscle spindle, M and P corpuscle, golgi tendon
Ipsi Peripheral Receptor
Central dorsal funicular gray
Ipsi Dorsal nucleus of Clarke in the spinal cord
Contra cerebral cortex
Ipsi cortex-motor area
Ipsi vestibular nuclei
Ipsi Muscle, tendon & joint receptors
Brainstem or Hypothalmus
Contra red Nucleus of the Midbrain
Brainstem ipsi medial vestibular Nucleus
memorize

Thoracic Output

ImageOutput
Contra VPL of thalamus
Contra VPL of Thalamus
Ipsi muscles
Ipsi muscles
Dorsal Column Nuclei of Medulla (ipsi Gracile Nucleus in Medulla)
Ipsi Substantia Gelatinosa or Dorsal Funicular Gray
Ipsi VPL in thalamus
Ipsi Cerebellum (vermis)
Ipsi Motor Neurons of Spinal Cord
Contr. Motor Neurons of Spinal Cord
Ipsi Anterior Horn of Motor Neurons
Ipsi cerebellum (vermis) through ipsi sminocerebellar tract
Ipsi Sympathetic ganglion
Ipsi Anterior Horn Motor Neurons
Ipsi Anterior horn motor Neurons
memorize

Cervical Identification

ImageIdentity
Substantia Gelatinosa
Dorsal Funicular Gray
Lateral Motor Nuclei
Medial Motor Nuclei
Gracile Fasiculus
Dosolateral Tract (Lissauer's fasiculus)
Lateral Spinothalamic tract
Spinocerebellar Tract
Lateral Corticospinal tract
Ventral Corticospinal tract
Vestibulospinal tract
Accessory Nucleus (CN XI, upper cervical only)
Cuneate Fasciculus
Rubrospinal Tract
Medial Longitudinal Fasiculus (medial vestibulospinal tract)
memorize

Cervical Function

ImageFunction
Ipsi pain and Temp
Ipsi Pain and Temp
Ipsi Motor Fxn
Ipsi Motor Fxn
Ipsi Tactile and Porioception from Lower Body
Ipsi Pain and Temp
Contra Pain and Temp
Ipsi "Unconscious" Proprioception
Ipsi Voluntary Movement
Contra voluntary muscle controll of body
Ipsi balance, posture
Ipsi Head and Neck Movements
Ipsi Muscle and Skin Tactile Proprioception (upper 1/2 of body)
Ipsi Muscle Control
Ipsi Muscle control (balance and posture)
memorize

Cervical Input

ImageInput
Ipsi Free Nerve Ending
Ipsi Free nerve ending, Substantia Gelatinosa
Contra Cerebral Cortex via corticospinal tract
Contra Cerebral Cortex via corticospinal tract
Ipsi peripheral recepters such as muscle spindle, M and P corpuscle, golgi tendon
Ipsi Peripheral Receptor
Central dorsal funicular gray
Ipsi Dorsal nucleus of Clarke in the spinal cord
Contra cerebral cortex
Ipsi cortex-motor area
Ipsi vestibular nuclei
Brainstem and cerebral cortex motor pathways (e.g., corticospinal, mostly contra)
Primary afferents of tactile and proprioception (upper 1/2 of body) (ipsi)
Contra red Nucleus of the Midbrain
Brainstem ipsi medial vestibular Nucleus
memorize

Cervical Output

ImageOutput
Contra VPL of thalamus
Contra VPL of Thalamus
Ipsi muscles
Ipsi muscles
Dorsal Column Nuclei of Medulla (ipsi Gracile Nucleus in Medulla)
Ipsi Substantia Gelatinosa or Dorsal Funicular Gray
Ipsi VPL in thalamus
Ipsi Cerebellum (vermis)
Ipsi Motor Neurons of Spinal Cord
Contr. Motor Neurons of Spinal Cord
Ipsi Anterior Horn of Motor Neurons
Ipsi. Sternocleidomastoid and the trapezius (also the laryngeal muscles)
Dorsal Column nuclei, cuneate nucleus in the medulla (ipsi)
Ipsi Anterior Horn Motor Neurons
Ipsi Anterior horn motor Neurons
memorize