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ptrigo's version from 2017-11-21 01:21

Photosynthesis Generalities

 

Question Answer
photosystem 1It helps to add a hydrogen electron to an NADP to make NADPH (it uses light energy to do so)
photosystem 2It divides water into hydrogen and oxygen to produce a free electron (it uses light energy to do so)
electron carriersthey transport electrons through a membrane.
light independent phasealso known as calvin cycle, it doesn't require light
light dependent phasepart of the photosynthesis that requires light.
stromapart of the chloroplast where the Calvin Cycle takes place
thylakoid membranepart of the chloroplast where the light dependent phase takes place
ATP synthaseprotein that takes a phosphate and adds it to an ADP to create an ATP (it is moved by hydrogen)
ATPadenosine tri phosphate
ADPadenosine di phosphate
NADPnicotine amid dinucleotide phosphate
energythe ability to perform work
memorize

Parts of the chloroplast

ABCDEGF

 

LabelAnswer
Ainter membrane space
Bexternal membrane
Cinternal membrane
Dgranum (group of thylakoids)
Ethylakoid lumen (interior)
Fstroma
Gthylakoid (exterior)
memorize

Light dependent cycle. Describe what happens on each stage indicated

DBAC

 

LabelAnswer
Aon the photosystem 2 light is used to separate water into hydrogen and oxygen and free an electron
Bthe electron travels through the electron carriers
Cin the photosystem 1 light is used to add an electron to an NADP to form NADPH
Dthe flow of hydrogen through the ATP synthase makes it turn and add a phosphate to an ADP to form ATP
memorize

Light independent cycle (Calvin Cycle). Indicate the number of carbons on each signaled molecule.

CADBEF

 

LabelAnswer
A3
B3
C1
D5
E3
F2
memorize

Light independent cycle (Calvin Cycle). Indicate the number of molecules signaled in each step

ADBCE

 

LabelAnswer
A12
B12
C10
D6
E2
memorize

Light independent phase (Calvin Cycle). Describe what happens in each stage signaled.

ABGCFDE

 

LabelAnswer
Asix molecules of carbon dioxide enter the cycle
Bsix carbons (from the carbon dioxide) are attached to 30 carbons from the previous cycle, making 12 molecules of 3 carbons each
Cphosphate and hydrogen electrons are added to each of the twelve molecules (of three carbons).
D2 molecules of 3 carbons exit the cycle
Eglucose is formed
F10 molecules of 3 carbons are left
Gphosphate from the ATP is added to the carbons to reorganize them into 6 molecules of 5 carbons each.
memorize

Images photosynthesis

Question Answer
chloroplast
light dependent phase
light independent phase (calvin cycle)
ADP
ATP
memorize

Summary of photosynthesis, Identify the word what goes on each space signaled.

    A=63x16, B=90x31, C=30x31, D=20x46, E=45x45, F=61x45, G=82x44, H=23x58, I=39x57, J=54x59, K=92x57]

 

LabelAnswer
Aphotosynthesis
Blight independent
Clight dependent
Dwater and light
Ethylakoid membrane
Fstroma
GATP
HNADPH
Ioxygen
Jchloroplast
Kglucose (carbohydrate)/ energy
memorize

 

Extra exercise: On your notebook make your own concept map, use different colors or signs to help you remember each concept. The basics you need to remember is what is needed for each process to take place. And what is produced after each step or process.

Membrane transport vocabulary

Question Answer
passiveit is the type of membrane transport that doesn't require energy
activeit is the type of membrane transport that does require energy (ATP), it is against the gradient
difussiona type of passive transport where molecules pass (difuse) freely through the membrane in favor of their gradient
osmosisthe passage of water through a membrane depending on the concentration of a solution
facilitated difussionthe passage of solutes through a membrane with the help of a protein channel
protein pumpstypes of proteins that "pump" substances through the membrane against their gradient (a type of active transport)
gradientthe difference between 2 quantities
isotonica solution with the same concentration of solutes as the one it is compared to
hypertonica solution with a higher concentration of solutes than the one it is compared to
hypotonica solution with a lower concentration of solutes than the one it is compared to
memorize

Types of solutions

Question Answer
soda (coke, sprite, mirinda, etc)hypertonic
natural citric juice ( orange, lemon, etc)isotonic
chicken soup isotonic
milk and milk beverageshypertonic
distilled waterhypotonic
electrolyte solutionisotonic
powerade/gatoradeisotonic
memorize

 

Remember that this section may be asked as little cases (like good idea/bad idea) you can go back to that exercise and check your grade and the explanation of what you had wrong in google forms.

Lab practice (Climate change)

 

Don't forget to study your lab practice, remember to check the questionnaires and the results each of your experiments produced.