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The World History Environment and Periodization (8000 B.C.E. - 600 C.E.)

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celine's version from 2018-07-05 16:54

Section 1

Question Answer
A cultural group with advanced cities, complex institutions, skilled workers, advanced technology, and a system of record keeping.Civilization
The pattern of temperature and precipitation over a period of time.Climate
The transmission of ideas and products from one culture to another.Cultural diffusion
A theory that a few of the total mass of cultural traits possessed and shared by the peoples of the world have been invented more than once. Independent invention
A seasonal wind.Monsoon
A dry grassland.Steppe
Interactions between Muslims and Europeans during the seventeenth century are most commonly found in theIndian Ocean
An Advanced Placement World History region that can be classified as a cultural region isLatin America
The study of oceans in world historycoordinates with an emphasis on societies as well as civilizations
An example of diffusion rather than independent invention is theorigin of the Greek alphabet
Periodization in the Advanced Placement World History courseassists students in comparing societies and trends within periods
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Section 2

Question Answer
Interactions between Muslims and Europeans during the seventeenth century are most commonly found in the (A) Atlantic Ocean (B) Arctic Ocean (C) Indian Ocean (D) Pacific Ocean(C) Indian Ocean. The seventeenth century witnessed intense rivalry among Europeans and Muslims for trade dominance, especially in spices, in the Indian Ocean. The Atlantic Ocean (A) was the scene of interactions among Europeans, Africans, and Native Americans, whereas the Arctic Ocean (B) saw limited trade among various Inuit peoples. The Pacific Ocean (D) saw limited contacts between Europeans and Pacific Islanders as well as interactions among the Spanish, Chinese, Filipinos, and Indians of South America through the voyages of the Manila galleons.
An Advanced Placement World History region that can be classified as a cultural region is (A) South Asia (B) North America (C) Latin America (D) Southeast Asia(C) Latin America. Latin America embraces the political regions of Mexico, the Caribbean, and South America, with the unifying force a common heritage stemming from speakers of Romance languages. Mexico, for example, belongs politically to North America and culturally to Latin America. South Asia (A), North America (B), and Southeast Asia (D) are regions with commonly defined political boundaries.
The study of oceans in world history (A) focuses on trans-Atlantic themes (B) focuses on the commercial activities of elite classes (C) has less impact on global history than the study of land masses (D) coordinates with an emphasis on societies as well as civilizations(D) coordinates with an emphasis on societies as well as civilizations. The study of oceans embraces societies such as Polynesian islanders and Malay peoples in addition to accounts of civilizations. The Indian and Pacific Oceans as well as the Atlantic (A) involve accounts of rich cultural interactions including various social classes (B). Interactions across the ocean waters are no less vital to global history than those across land masses (C).
An example of diffusion rather than independent invention is the (A) Sumerian use of the wheel (B) Mayan concept of zero as a place holder (C) origin of the Greek alphabet (D) cultivation of the banana in Southeast Asia(C) origin of the Greek alphabet. The Greek alphabet originated with the Phoenicians who, through trade, transmitted its knowledge to the Greeks. The Sumerians invented the wheel (A). The Mayans originated the concept of the place holder in the Western Hemisphere (B). Southeast Asia was an area of independent cultivation of the banana (D).
Periodization in the Advanced Placement World History course (A) begins with the rise of river valley civilizations in Period 1 (B) assists students in comparing societies and trends within periods (C) is irrelevant to the content of document-based questions (D) limits the study of continuities between historical periods(B) assists students in comparing societies and trends within periods. The organization of the Advanced Placement World History course by periods facilitates comparing societies and trends in those periods. Period 1 begins with the rise of global agriculture (A). Periodization assists students in analyzing the time periods addressed in document-based questions and organizing the study of continuities between time periods (C, D).
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