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The Principle Teachings Of Buddhism

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Updated 2008-08-07 22:54

The Principle Teachings of Buddhism From ACI Course 1

Study this material first by listening to the audio and reading the texts for this course at: http://www.acidharma.org/aci/online/onlineformal.html

Course 1 Final

Question Answer
Explain what "interdependence" (also sometimes called "dependent origination") means in each of the three Buddhist schools mentioned below. a) Functionalist Group b) Independent Group c) Implication Groupa) Functionalist Group: Things are interdependent in the sense that changing things depend on their causes and conditions. This explanation fails to cover the interdependence of unchanging objects such as empty space or emptiness. (This group consists of the first three classical Buddhist schools of ancient India: the Detailist or Abhidharma School; the Sutrist or Logic and Perceptual Theory School; and the Mind-Only School.) b) Independent Group: Things are interdependent in the sense that all objects, changing or unchanging, depend on their parts. This is a comprehensive explanation, but not one which imparts the ultimate meaning of interdependence. (This group onsists of the lower half of the Middle Way or Madhyamika School, known as the Independent" or Svatantrika group.) c) Implication Group: Things are interdependent in the sense that they are a result of our projecting onto a basis of our projection. This is the ultimate meaning of interdependence. (This group consists of the upper half of the Middle Way or Madhyamika School, known as the "Consequence" or Prasangika group.) tendrel
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Question Answer
What are the three "problems of the pot"?1) Having the lid closed (not paying attention to what a Lama is teaching to you), 2) being a dirty pot (having an improper motivation for being in the teaching), 3) and being a leaky pot (not retaining what you have been taught.)
Three Principal Paths in Tibetanlamtso namsum
Can the idea of karma (that is, ethics or morality) co-exist with the idea of emptiness, or do they contradict each other? These two ideas are two sides of the same coin: things are "empty" in the sense of being like a blank screen. Whether I see them one way or another depends on my own projections, forced upon me by my past deeds, words, and thoughts. Therefore karma and emptiness are completely intertwined, and anyone who understands emptiness understands the need to be absolutely moral in their everyday life.
Which of the three principal paths cause the two bodies of a Buddha? Renunciation and the wish for enlightenment contribute primarily to the physical "body" or part of an enlightened being, su-ku, and correct view contributes primarily to the mental and ultimate-nature parts of a Buddha. chu-ku,
Define what is meant by "cycle of life," or samsara in Sanskrit.The condition of being forced, through the power of karma and mental afflictions, to take on the impure parts that make up a suffering being, over and over again. korwa
Name the four principles of action (or karma.)a) Actions are certain to produce similar results. le ngepa b) The consequences are greater than the actions. le pel chewa c) One cannot meet a consequence if he or she has not committed an action. le majepa dang mi trepa d) Once an action is committed, the consequence cannot be lost. jepa chu misawa
List the eight worldly thoughts.a) Being happy when we acquire some thing, nyekur jung na ga b) And unhappy when we don't. majung na miga c) Being happy when we feel good, dewa jung na ga d) And unhappy when we don't. majung na miga e) Being happy when we become well known, nyendrak jung na ga f) And unhappy when we don't. majung na miga g) Being happy when someone speaks well of us, tura jung na ga h) And unhappy when they don't. majung na miga
Buddhism teaches that no "self" exists. Give a description of this non-existent "self" or self-nature, according to Master Chandrakirti.A "self" or me does exist; there is someone who is reading this homework right now. But there is no "self" or "me" which exists from its own side, through any nature of its own, independent of the projections forced upon me by my karma. dak
Give the seven steps in the cause-and-effect method for developing the wish for enlightenment; explain briefly why each is necessary for the next.a) Recognize that all living beings have been your mother. Equanimity is necessary to do this because, if you hold some close and others distant, you cannot see everyone as a kind mother, deserving your ultimate help—you would exclude some people. marshe b) Remember the kindness they have given you when they were your mothers. The first step leads to this one because, if you do not see everyone as having been your mother in the past, then you cannot see everyone as having been kind—you won't think about the good they did for you, if you don't see them all in a beneficent role. drindren c) Decide to repay the kindness of your mothers. The second step leads to this one in that—if you don't see your mother as having been kind to you—then you have no reason to pay her back. drinso d) Love all people with the intensity of a mother for her only child, and wish that they could have every good thing. The previous three points lead to this, for once you recognize everyone as mother, acknowledge her kindness and your debt, and agree to help her in return, the natural result is to want to give her every good thing. yi-ong jampa e) Feel great compassion for all living beings; want them to be free of suffering. The fourth step is a cause for this because—if you do not want them to be happy, to the point of intense love—then you have no reason to want them to be free of suffering. nyingje chenpo f) Decide to help everyone even if you have to do it all yourself; regardless of the difficulty, without being discouraged, if no one helps you. The fifth step is a cause for this sixth one because—if you do not want them to be free of suffering—you will certainly not choose to remove their suffering. hlaksam namdak g) Achieve the wish to become enlightened for the sake of every living being; that is, develop bodhichitta and become a bodhisattva. The previous step is the cause for this since—once you are determined to help everyone—then you must gain the capacity to do so, by becoming a fully enlightened Buddha. jangchub kyi sem also spelled as: semkye
Give an explanation of the two parts of the word "bodhichitta.""Bodhi" means "enlightenment," or "Buddhahood," and "chitta" means"mind" or "thoughts." Together, the words mean "the wish to become enlightened [for every living being]. It does not mean "Buddha mind" in the sense of a mind which has already reached Buddhahood, or a mind which is somehow already enlightened and only needs to be seen as enlightened. jangchub kyi sem also spelled as: semkye
Is there any relationship between the three principal paths and tantric practice? "Mahamudra" means the direct perception of emptiness. Mahamudra is the natural result of practicing the three principal paths well. Tantric practice can only be successful based on the three principal paths; in fact, a person who practices the three principal paths well reaches tantric levels almost automatically. Tantric practice is based fully on the three principal paths; so much so that, without them, one could never be successful in tantric practice; but with them, one would almost automatically succeed in this practice.
List the three requirements of a good student as found in Aryadeva's 400 Verses.a) They are free of preconceptions, willing to try to see things a new way. surne b) They are intelligent, especially in a spiritual sense.londen. c) They have high spiritual aspirations in life, and are willing to work hard to reach them. dunnyerwa
Name the author of the Principal Teachings of Buddhism give his Popular name and Monks Name and his Dates The author of the Principal Teachings of Buddhism is Je TsongKapa his Popular Name is Je TsongKapa, His Monks Name is Lobsang Drakpa "Pure Minded One of Wide Renown" he lived from 1357-1419
Name the ten characteristics of a qualified lama.1) They should be a person who "controls themselves well," meaning they practice the extraordinary training of an ethical way of life very well. dulwa 2) They should be a person who is "at peace," meaning they have achieved a high degree of the extraordinary training of meditative concentration. shiwa 3) They should be a person who has "high peace," meaning they practice the extraordinary training of wisdom to a high degree. nyer shiwa 4) They should have "spiritual qualities which exceed" those of their student, so that they can help them. yunten hlakpa 5) They should be willing to make "great efforts," or take great joy in helping their students. tsunche 6) They should be "rich in scripture," or have a deep knowledge of the sacred books. lung gi chuk 7) They should have a "deep realization of suchness," meaning they should either have perceived emptiness directly, or at least have an excellent scriptural and intellectual understanding of it. de-nyi rabtok 8) They should be a "master instructor," meaning they know their student's capacity well, and fit the amount and order of spiritual information to this capacity. make den 9) They should be the "image of love," teaching the Dharma out of love for students, and not for any worldly motives. tseway daknyi 10) They should be "beyond becoming discouraged," never tiring of repeating teachings if necessary to the student. kyowa pang
Name the three principal paths.The three principal paths are 1) renunciation, ngenjung 2) the wish for total enlightenment (or "bodhichitta"), ngenjung semkye 3) and correct view of emptiness yangdakpay tawa
Name the two truths, and describe them briefly.a) Ultimate truth (ultimate reality): The emptiness of all things; that is, the fact that they are not anything which is not simply a projection forced upon you by your past karma. dundam denpa b) Deceptive truth (deceptive reality, sometimes mistakenly referred to as "relative truth"): all of the normal objects around you, which seem to exist from their own side, or through some nature of their own, but do not, and are therefore "deceptive." kuntzob denpa
What is the point at which you know you have developed true renunciation?Renunciation is the true understanding that everything about your life is suffering. If you don't believe that your life is suffering, you will not try to escape it. Once you have understood how you are suffering, you can think of how others must be suffering the same way. This then leads to the wish to free them from this suffering, and bring them to every happiness.
Which of the three principal paths cause the two bodies of a Buddha? Renunciation and the wish for enlightenment contribute primarily to the physical "body" or part of an enlightened being, su-ku, and correct view contributes primarily to the mental and ultimate-nature parts of a Buddha. chu-ku,
What are the two bodies of a Buddha?The two bodies of a Buddha are the physical "body" or part of an enlightened being, known in Sanskrit as the rupa kaya; suk-ku and the combination of the mental and ultimate-nature parts of a Buddha,known in Sanskrit as the dharma kaya, chu-ku
Who is the disciple of Trijang Rinpoche who wrote the introduction? Give his full name and correct titles?The disciple of Trijang Rinpoche who wrote the introduction is Khen Rinpoche Geshe Lobsang Tharchin
Who wrote the commentary on Lam So Nam Sum that this course is based on?Give his popular name and his special name. What are his dates? The commentary that we are studying was written by Pabongka Rinpoche (1878-1941), whose secret name was Dechen Nyingpo.
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