The National Government

deanboonmun's version from 2015-05-17 18:21


Question Answer
1. In 1803, the Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice _________________________, established the Constitutional principle of judicial review through the court case _______________ v. _______________.John Marshall, Marbury vs. Madison
2. The _________________________ of 1789 gave Congress the authority to create the lower federal courts. Judiciary Act
3. The ______________________________ is the last court for all questions of law in the United States.Surpreme Court
4. The Supreme Court's primary jurisdiction is ______________________________. Appellate
5. The Supreme Court mainly hears cases involving ____________________________ and Constitutional law.Civil Liberties
6. A Supreme Court justice is appointed for _______________.Life
7. Currently, there are __________ justices seated on the bench of the Supreme Court.9
8. The U. S. Federal _____________________________ have only original jurisdiction. District Courts
9. The federal appeals courts have __________________ jurisdiction.Appellate
10. The Supreme Court has ____________________ jurisdiction in cases involving ambassadors and ____________________.Original, Public Ministers
11. One similarity between the Supreme Court and the Appellate Courts is that neither has a _______________.Jury
12. Through the Constitutional principle of ______________________________, the Supreme Court can declare acts of the Legislative Branch unconstitutional. Judicial Review
13. The State and federal courts in the United States are connected through the ___________________ process.Apellate
14. In disputes between two ___________________, the Supreme Court is exercising original jurisdiction. States
15. _____________________________ is the idea that the Supreme Court should play an active role in policy-making through a broad interpretation of the Constitution.Judicial Activism
16. _____________________________ is when the Court strictly interprets the Constitution and avoids getting involved in policy-making.Judicial Restraint
17. When a case may be tried in either a State or Federal court, those courts have ___________________ jurisdiction. Concurrent
18. A justice of the Supreme Court writes a _____________________________ to explain why he or she disagrees with the majority opinion.Dissenting Opinion
19. A federal judge is nominated by the ____________________ and confirmed by the ____________________.President, Senate
20. The Supreme Court uses the Constitution to protect _____________________________.Individual Rights
21. _____________________________ derive/get their power from the Constitution and federal laws. Federal Courts
22. An ________________ is the explanation of the Supreme Courts final (binding) decision.Opinion
23. A justice of the Supreme Court writes a _____________________________ to explain why he or she agrees with the majority opinion, but for a different legal reason.Concurrent Opinion
24. A minimum of __________ justices are necessary to agree to hear a case from a lower court.4
25. The documents summarizing each side's legal position are called _______________.Legal Briefs
26. A justice of the Supreme Court writes a __________________ opinion to explain the final decision of the court.Majority
27. ___________________ is the legal right for a particular court to hear a specific case.Jurisdiction
28. After hearing the oral arguments, the court meets in ____________________________ to discuss the case and then vote. Conference
29. A ____________________________ is an order from an appellate court to a lower court requesting records or a case file.Writ of Certiorari
30. _____________________________ are experts that want to provide information to the court and may submit legal briefs that may aid the Court in their decision.Amicus Cariae

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