The Moral Argument

archiebw's version from 2016-05-18 19:27


Question Answer
What is the argument, in its most basic form?Many people have a sense of moral awareness, so God has to be responsible.
Why would Kant say this 'argument' for God's existence isn't actually an argument?We cannot prove God theoretically but only through the use of practical reason.
What are the five points of Kant's argument?Contained in notes.
What is our sense of moral duty called by Kant?Our catergorical imperative.
By what desire is our categorical imperative motivated?Duty for duty's sake.
How does Kant deduce the existence of the summum bonum?In this world, if we are perfectly obedient we may suffer as a result, so the summum bonum gives us our just deserts.
What does the summum bonum involve? (QUOTE)"The exact coincidence of happiness and morality."
God is the what between the world and the summum bonum?The necessary connection.
What does a postulate of morality mean?A thing that must be true based on the existence of an objective moral law.
What are the three postulates of morality?God, freedom and immortality.


Question Answer
What is John Hick's stupid quote which agrees with Kant?"To recognise moral claims as taking precedence over all interests is, implicitly, to believe in a reality of some kind, other than the natural world."
How does H.P. 'Sauce' Owen agree with Kant?He says if there are objective moral laws, there has to be a law giver.
Whose views on morality would it be good to talk about in contrast to Kant, covered in Ethics?St. Thomas Aquinas's.

Sigmund Freud


Question Answer
What is the id?The irrational part of our brain, which contains the instincts for sex and aggression.
What is the ego?The part of our brain which works out the realistic ways of achieving the id's desires.
What is the super ego? The part which incorporates the values of our family and society.
Which part of the brain is composed of two parts, and what are they?The super-ego, and the conscience and the ideal self.
What would Freud call a percieved catergorical imperative, and why?A psychological symptom requiring treatment, because it creates unnecessary guilt.
What would Freud's psychological take be on the person of Immanuel Kant?He was subconsciously influenced by his strong pious upbringing nurtured by his parent's Lutheran faith,


Question Answer
Who trace moral awareness to recognition of things of value, and how does this go against Freud?Erich Erikson and Erich Fromm, and because it proposes that morality comes from reason, and not merely others' expectations.
Who thinks that ought doesn't imply can?Brian Davies.
Which study showed a lot of people think ought doesn't imply can?One by Waterloo University in 2015.
How does Brian Davis take issue with point #4, and what is a quote of his that demonstrates this?He thinks that the God of classical theism doesn't have to be the agent who assist humans to achieve the summum bonum, and "why cannot a top-ranking angel do the job?"
Who disagrees with Kant over the rules of an objective moral law, exposing a flaw?W.D. Ross.

Recent badges