The Legislative Branch & Political Parties

zikinaki's version from 2016-10-05 19:58


Question Answer
How is the lawmaking functions of Congress important to a democracy ?by the public becoming a public policy
What is special session?a period when the body convenes outside of the normal legislative session
What does apportioned mean?that each state gets a number appropriate to its population
What is the minimum number of seats a state may have in the House?435 representatives
What is Off-Year elections?when presidents aren't being elected
What is voting districts and congressional districts?a congressional district is a division or section in a state that has the right to vote for a member of the house of representatives and voting districts is when registered voters , are only allowed to vote once
What was the Wesberry v. Sanders case?it required that districts of the US house of representatives be made up of equal populations in order to ensure fair representation of US citizens
What are the house member qualifications?must be at least 25 years old and a 7 year citizen of the United States
How is reprsentation in the senate determined?by 2 representative from each state
What is the speech and debate clause?grants congress members immunity from arrest & immunity for any speech or debate made in either house.
What are the constitutional limits on National debt?there isn't any actual limit, because the states debt changes everyday
What was the Gibbsons v. Ogden case?it was a case in which the supreme court of the United States held that the power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to congress by the commerce clause of the constitution
what is foreign relations powers?powers that are shared between the president & congress .
What are war powers?powers that only congress can declare war
What are judical powers?powers granted to the supreme courts
What are non-legislative powers?vote to confirm vice presidential vaccancy
what does impeach mean? unconstintutional comittments
Why was clinton impeachment?he lied under oath
What is the state of union speech?an annual address presented before a joint session of congress and held in the house of representatives chamber at the U.S. capitol
What does the president pro tempore do?the highest ranking senator, as elected by the senate, also third in line for presidency after the vice president and the speaker of the house
What is a party caucus?members of each major party in the United States congress meet regularly in closed sessions known as party conferences
What are floor leaders/ majority leader?are leaders of their political parties in each of the houses of the legislature
What do party whips do ?keeps track of all legislation and ensures that all party members are present when important measures are to be voted upon.
What is the role of a committee chairperson?makes arrangements for meeting and notifies members of date, time and place of meeting.
What are standing committees? permanent committees in each house of congress which are given jurisdiction or authority over a certain area
What are revenue bills? bills to raise money
What is resolution?formal expression of group opinion
Whats is rider?an additional provision added to a bill or other measure under the consideration by a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill
What are debate rules? a formal method of interactive and representational argument
What are filibusters?the use of long speeches to prevent or delay the adoption of legislation
What is cloture rule?a motion or process aimed at bringing debate to a quick end
How does a bill become a law?after both the House and Senate have approved a bill in identical form, it is sent to the president
What are subcomittees?a subdivision of a United States congressional committee that considers specified matters and reports back to the full committee
What are political parties?is a political organization that typically seeks to influence government policy, usually by nominating their own candidates and trying to seat them in political office
What are functions of major politcal parties?to nominate candidates for public office and to get as many of them elected as possible
What is split-tickect voting?voting for people in seperate political parties