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The European Union

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luzubegi's version from 2017-05-28 14:14

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Question Answer
1951Coals and Steel Community
1957Treaty of Rome (EEC) => common market with FR+GER(W)+BeNeLux+Ita
1962Common Agriculture Agreement, EU could export and not just import
1981-1986Mediterranean enlargement, end of Cold War meant more coalition
1985Schengen Agreementflow of goods and people (less borders)
1993the Treaty of Maastrichtestablished the EU, more than a economical unity, Copenhagen criteria (political, economical and administrative)
2002EURO
2005Referendum in France to replace all treaties with one single text "the european constitution"
why Britain didn't joinfear they would loose control over their economy (has just nationalise coal and steel) + feared bad relations with commonwealth + for british politicians a economical unity meant a political one too
why Britain change its mindthe EEC was a success! while their economy was stagnating + ready to make arrangements to let commonwealth be associate countries + MacMillan wanted to use EEC as a weapon against communism
why France said no1963 and 1967, De Gaulle said no, claimed B. economic problems would weaken EEC + saw partnership between US and UK + french farmers couldn't compete with british
1973Britain joined, Pompidou said yes (feared W Germany rise) + Heath good negotiator (Commonwealth's product could be import) yet only half pop wanted
EC budget and Britain70s = disappointment (stagnation) + 1980 = 1209£ for Britain "I want my money Back!"
1988, Bruges"a centralised federal government in Europe would be a nightmare" Thatcher
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