The Enlightenment

jwright's version from 2017-01-30 03:34


Question Answer
limited Governmenta system in which powers restricted by the people. It is the basis of American Democracy
Unlimited GovernmentMonarchs gripped the reigns of power more tightly during the Enlightenment. They created unlimited governments in which the monarchs excercised absolute and total control.
Absolute MonarchyDuring the 1600s and 1700s governments were led by kings or queens, who ruled much of Europe. The monarchs favored a system known as absolutism. This system plalces absolute, power in the hands of the ruler and his advisors.
divine rightEuropean monarchs based their strength on this idea that rulers receive their power directly from God and are responsible only to God and not the people.
Magna CartaIn 1215 English nobles forced King John to sign the Magna Carta, which established the idea of limited government. It limited the king power and stated that people have certain rights
English Bill of RightsParliament required William and Mary to sign the document of 1689. It limits the monarchy and states the rights of Parliament and the people. The king and queen rule as limited monarchs.
Scientific RevolutionDuring this period scientists made discoveries in many fields, such as astronomy and medicine. Many scientific advances changed people's traditional beliefs.
Roman Catholic Churchthe teachings of the Catholic Church believed the earth was flat and that the earth stood at the center of the universe.
GalileoHe disagreed with the teaching of the church. He found evidence that supported the theory that the Earth revolves around the sun. He was charged with heresy and arrested.
Issac NewtonHe was an English mathematician, who discovered the laws of gravity.
John LockeHe stated that government should be based on natural law and natural rights. he declared that every person was born with natural rights, or rights belonging to all humans from birth. These rights included the right to life, the right to liberty, and the right to own property.
EnlightenmentDuring the 1700s and 1800s which most philsophers were writer, teachers, and journalists who discuss and debated new ideas. They used reason to improve society.
Glorious Revolutionthe overthrow of King James II of England. The revolution turned England into a constitutional monarchy, in which written laws limit the powers of the monarch.