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TFN Pre Finals 3

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baejuhyeoned's version from 2018-11-12 13:55

Jean Watson

Question Answer
Theory of Human CaringName of Jean Watson's Theory
(1) The formation of a humanistic- altruistic system of values, (2) The installation of faith-hope, (3) The cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to others., (4) The development of a helping-trust relationship, (5) The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings, (6) The systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision making, (7) The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learning., (8) The provision for a supportive, protective and /or corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural and spiritual environment., (9) Assistance with the gratification of human needs, (10) The allowance for existential-phenomenological forces.Ten Primary Carative Factors
Existential psychologyis the study of human existence using phenomenological analysis.
Phenomenologyis a way of understanding people from the way things appear to them, from their frame of reference.
(1) Lower order needs (biophysical needs), (2) Lower order needs (psychophysical needs), (3) Higher order needs (psychosocial needs), (4) Higher order need (intrapersonal-interpersonal need) Watson’s ordering of needs
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Question Answer
The formation of a humanistic- altruistic system of valuesBegins developmentally at an early age with values shared with the parents.
The formation of a humanistic- altruistic system of valuesMediated through ones own life experiences, the learning one gains and exposure to the humanities.
The formation of a humanistic- altruistic system of valuesIs perceived as necessary to the nurse’s own maturation which then promotes altruistic behavior towards others.
The installation of faith-hopeIs essential to both the carative and the curative processes.
The installation of faith-hopeWhen modern science has nothing further to offer the person, the nurse can continue to use thi to provide a sense of well-being through beliefs which are meaningful to the individual.
Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to othersExplores the need of the nurse to begin to feel an emotion as it presents itself.
Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to othersDevelopment of one’s own feeling is needed to interact genuinely and sensitively with others.
Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to othersStriving to become sensitive, makes the nurse more authentic, which encourages self-growth and self-actualization, in both the nurse and those with whom the nurse interacts.
Cultivation of sensitivity to one’s self and to othersThe nurses promote health and higher level functioning only when they form person to person relationship.
The development of a helping-trust relationshipStrongest tool is the mode of communication, which establishes rapport and caring.
The development of a helping-trust relationshipCharacteristics needed to in the helping-trust relationship are: Congruence, Empathy, Warmth
The development of a helping-trust relationshipCommunication includes verbal, nonverbal and listening in a manner which connotes empathetic understanding
The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelings“Feelings alter thoughts and behavior, and they need to be considered and allowed for in a caring relationship”.
The promotion and acceptance of the expression of positive and negative feelingsAwareness of the feelings helps to understand the behavior it engenders.
The systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision makingthe only method that allows for control and prediction, and that permits self-correction.
The systematic use of the scientific problem-solving method for decision makingThe science of caring should not be always neutral and objective.
The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learningThe caring nurse must focus on the learning process as much as the teaching process.
The promotion of interpersonal teaching-learningUnderstanding the person’s perception of the situation assist the nurse to prepare a cognitive plan.
The provision for a supportive, protective and /or corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural and spiritual environmentWatson divides these into eternal and internal variables, which the nurse manipulates in order to provide support and protection for the person’s mental and physical well-being.
The provision for a supportive, protective and /or corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural and spiritual environmentThe external and internal environments are interdependent.
The provision for a supportive, protective and /or corrective mental, physical, socio-cultural and spiritual environmentNurse must provide comfort, privacy and safety as a part of this carative factor.
Assistance with the gratification of human needsIt is based on a hierarchy of need similar to that of the Maslow’s.
Assistance with the gratification of human needsEach need is equally important for quality nursing care and the promotion of optimal health.
Assistance with the gratification of human needsAll the needs deserve to be attended to and valued.
The allowance for existential-phenomenological forcesThis factor helps the nurse to reconcile and mediate the incongruity of viewing the person holistically while at the same time attending to the hierarchical ordering of needs.
The allowance for existential-phenomenological forcesPhenomenology is a way of understanding people from the way things appear to them, from their frame of reference.
The allowance for existential-phenomenological forcesExistential psychology is the study of human existence using phenomenological analysis.
The allowance for existential-phenomenological forcesnurse assists the person to find the strength or courage to confront life or death.
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Question Answer
Biophysical needsThe need for food and fluid
Biophysical needsThe need for elimination
Biophysical needsThe need for ventilation
Psychophysical needsThe need for activity-inactivity
Psychophysical needsThe need for sexuality
Psychosocial needsThe need for achievement
Psychosocial needsThe need for affiliation
Intrapersonal-interpersonal needThe need for self-actualization
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Question Answer
Human being refers to “….. a valued person in and of him or herself to be cared for, respected, nurtured, understood and assisted; in general a philosophical view of a person as a fully functional integrated self. He, human is viewed as greaterHow did Watson define Person?
Health is a high level of overall physical, mental and social functioningHow did Watson define Health?
According to Watson, caring (and nursing) has existed in every society. A caring attitude is not transmitted from generation to generationHow did Watson define Environment?
“Nursing is concerned with promoting health, preventing illness, caring for the sick and restoring health”.How did Watson define Nursing?
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Kristen Swanson

Question Answer
A nurturing way of relating to a valued other toward one feels a personal sense of commitment and responsibility.How is caring defined?
(1) Knowing, (2) Being With, (3) Doing For, (4) Enabling, (5) Maintaining ForThe Five caring Processes
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Question Answer
KNOWINGStriving to understand an event as it has meaning in the life of the other
KNOWINGUnderstanding the life of other
KNOWINGAvoid making assumptions
KNOWINGFocused of person cared for, seeking cues,
KNOWINGEngaging both one caring
BEING WITHBeing emotionally present to the other.
BEING WITHBeing there in person
BEING WITHconveying availability
BEING WITHsharing feelings without burdening the one cared for
DOING FORTo do for others what one would do for self if at all possible
DOING FORDoing for but doing no more than that
DOING FORAnticipating others needs
DOING FORPerforming competently and skillfully
DOING FORPreserving dignity
ENABLINGFacilitating the other’s passage through events or transitions by providing support and validation
ENABLINGInforming and explaining
ENABLINGGenerating alternatives
ENABLINGValidate and give feedback on progress
ENABLINGEmpowering others to care for themselves
MAINTAINING FORSustaining faith in the other’s capacity to come through events or transitions and face a future with meaning
MAINTAINING FORHolds patient in esteem
MAINTAINING FORBe hopeful but realistic
MAINTAINING FOROffering realistic optimism
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Question Answer
Person is a unique dynamic beings with thoughts, feelings and behaviorsHow did Swanson define Person?
Nursing is the informed caring for the well-being of othersHow did Swanson define Nursing?
memorize
Health is a complex process of establishing new meanings, restoring integration and emerging, into a sense of renewed wholeness