TFN Midterms 4

baejuhyeoned's version from 2018-10-18 19:51

DOROTHY JOHNSON: Behavioral Systems

Question Answer
Aug 21, 1919Brthday
1948Masters in Public Health
1940Creation of Theory
1968Theory was proposed
It advocates efficient and effective behavioral functioning of the patient to prevent illnessWhat does the Behavioral Systems Theory advocate?
(1) Florence Nightingale, (2) Systems Theory, (3) Developmental TheoryInfluences of the Theory
(1) Goal, (2) Individual's subsystem set, (3) Choice of alternative behaviors to achieve specific goalsFour elements
(1) Attachment, (2) Dependency, (3) Ingestive, (4) Eliminative, (5) Sexual, (6) Aggressive, (7) Achievement7 Subsystems


Question Answer
AttachmentTo belong to something or someone
AttachmentAchieve social inclusion, intimacy and ultimately for survival
Attachment Interpersonal relationship
DependencyObtain resources needed for assistance, attention, reassurance and security
DependencyGaining trust and reliance
IngestiveTake in from the environment needed resources to maintain integrity, achieve pleasure and internalize external environment
IngestiveFood, fluid, info, knowledge
EliminativeExpel biological wastes from the system
EliminativeExpress feelings
SexualGratify feeling attractive and cared about by others
SexualBased on identity for purpose of ensuring pleasure & procreation and knowledge and behavior being congruent with biological sex
AggressiveTo protect self and others from potentially threatening objects, persons or ideas
AchievementMastery of one's self and one's environment for purpose of producing desired effect
AchievementIncludes problem solving
AchievementPersonal strengths & weakness
AchievementControl self through seeking standards of excellence such as physical, social & creative


Question Answer
Restorativebehaviour associated with maintaining and restoring energy equilibrium
(1) Protection, (2) Nurturance, (3) Stimulation3 Requirements
ProtectionSafeguarding individual from noxious influences that system cannot cope
NurturanceSupporting individual's adaptive behaviour through nourishment, training and condition
StimulationPromotes continued growth and development
(1) Bio-physiological, (2) Psychological, (3) Socio-cultural3 major types pf regulating mechanisms
(1) Wholeness and Order, (2) Stabilization, (3) Reorganization, (4) Hierarchic interaction, (5) Dialectical contradiction5 core principles


Question Answer
Wholeness and OrderDevelopmental analogy of wholeness and oderor continuity & identity
Wholeness and OrderContinuity is in the relationship of the parts rather than their individuality
StabilizationDynamic systems respond to contextual changes set point maintained by altering internal conditions to compensate for changes in external conditions
Reorganizationoccurs when the behavioral system encounters new experiences in the environment that cannot be balanced by existing system mechanisms
Hierarchic InteractionHierarchies or a pattern relying on particular subsystems lead to a degree of stability
Dialectical ContradictionMotivational force for behavioral change
Dialectical ContradictionDrives/responses developed and modified over time through maturation, experience and learning


Question Answer
InsufficiencyDoes not get enough
DiscrepancyNot optimally working
IncompatibilitySubsystems conflict
DominanceOne system is always used

JOYCE TRAVELBEE: Human to human relationship Theory

Question Answer
Existentialismhumans are accountable to the choices they choose
(1) Life has meaning under all circumstances, (2) Motivation is will to find meaning, (3) Freedom to find meaning in what we do3 Principles of Logotheraphy
(1) Original Encounter, (2) Emerging Identities, (3) Empathy, (4) Sympathy, (5) Rapport5 Phases of Nurse-Patient Relationship
Original EncounterFirst impression
Emerging IdentitiesNurse and patient perceive each other
EmpathyShare their experiences
SympathyDesire to help
RapportMaximize skills to perform nursing action
RapportNurse meets the needs of the patient
RapportPatient trusts the nurse
Lack of compassion of nurseWhat did Travelbee noticed?
ObjectiveAbsence of disease
SubjectivePatient can tell his or her illness
(1) Illness, (2) Suffering, (3) Pain, (4) Hope4 Aspects of Environment
(1) Suffering, (2) Meaning, (3) Hope, (4) Communication, (5) Therapeutic use of self, (6) Targeted Intellectual Approach6 Basic Components
SufferingFeeling of unease
Peplau's TheoryJoyce Travelbee's theory is an extension of -________'s theory
Spiritual values & beliefsImportant in Travelbee's theory