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TFN Midterms 3

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baejuhyeoned's version from 2018-10-18 18:48

DOROTHEA OREM

Question Answer
1914 in Baltimore, MarylandBirthday and where was she born
Construction workerFather of Orem is a
Home makerMother of Orem
Providence Hospital – Washington, DCEarned her diploma at
1939Year when she earned BSN
1945Year when she earned MSN
Catholic University of AmericaWhere did she study BSN and MSN
1959Year Dean of the School of Nursing at Catholic University of America
1976Year Doctorate of Science from Georgetown University
1988Year Doctor of Humane Letters from Illinois Wesleyan University
1998Year Doctor of Nursing Honoris Causae from University of Missouri
(1) Operating room nurse, (2) Staff nurse, (3) Private duty nurse, (4) Nurse educator, (5) Nurse administrator, (6) Nurse consultant (6)Orem’s nursing experience
June 22, 2007She died on ________
(1) Self Care, (2) Self-Care Deficit, (3) Nursing SystemsDorothea Orem’s theory is composed of three related parts which are:
Theory of Self CareActivities that an individual completes or assist with in order to maintain life and/or a higher level of well-being.
Theory of Self CareAre behaviors that individuals or guardian initiates & performs to maintain life, health & well-being
Theory of Self Care DeficitOccurs when the demand of self-care is greater than the individual’s ability to satisfactorily attain it
Theory of Self Care DeficitWhen self demand exceed an individual's self care
Theory of Self Care DeficitOccurs when an individual is unable to perform the necessary actions to meet one's self-care needs
Theory of Nursing SystemsIdentifies actions that the nurse and client can take to reduce or eliminate the identified self-care deficit.
Theory of Nursing SystemsStated that nursing is a human service consisting of actions deliberately selected and performed
(1) Self Care, (2) Self-Care Requisites, (3) Self-Care Agency, (4) Therapeutic Self-Demand4 Components of Self-Care
(1) Universal, (2) Developmental, (3) Health Deviation3 Self Care Requisites or 3 components of Self Care Theory
Universal Self Care NeedsActivities necessary to meet basic needs of daily living
Universal Self Care NeedsMaintain life process, structural integrity & functioning
(1) Maintenance of sufficient air, water & food, (2) Balance between activity & rest, (3) Balance between solitude and social interaction, (4) Provision of care associated with Elimination Process, (5) Safety/Prevention of hazards, (6) Normalcy/Promote of human functioning6 Universal Self Care Needs
Developmental Self Care NeedsProcesses & conditions during life cycle
(1) Promote development, (2) Engage in self-development, (3) Preventing or overcoming adverse human conditions and life situationsDevelopmental Self Care Needs is composed of 3 needs
(1) Maintaining conditions that support life process & promote development & (2) Prevent harmful effects on human development & prevention2 categories Developmental Self Care Needs
Health deviationAssociated with people who are ill/injured or pathological condition & receive medical care
(1) Seeking and securing medical assistance, (2) Recognize these conditions, (3) Implement therapeutic measure, (4) Recognize effects of treatment, (5) Modify Self Concept, (6) Integrating condition and treatment into lifestyle6 Needs for all people with health deviations
Capabilitiesrefers to individual's ability to acquire knowledge for action and to act on that knowledge to meet one's self-care needs
Therapeutic Self Care DemandsThose universal & developmental needs necessary for health and well-being
Therapeutic Self Care DemandsIs the totality of “self care actions to be performed for some duration in order to meet known self care requisites by using valid methods and related sets of actions and operations.”
(1) Wholly Compensatory, (2) Partially Compensatory, (3) Supportive-Educative3 Nursing Systems
Wholly CompensatoryNursing system used with clients who are unable to engage in any form of deliberate action who cannot perform actions and unable to attend to themselves
Wholly CompensatoryNursing system used with ICU or Critically Ill Patient
Partially CompensatoryNursing system used for clients who are unable to perform some self care activities
Supportive EducativeNursing system in which nurses assists clients who are unable to perform therapeutic self-care yet require assistance in decision making, behavior control or acquiring knowledge or skills
Supportive EducativeNursing system in which patients are recovered & is ready to be discharged
Nursing PracticeWhat influenced Orem to come up with her theory
Self Care AgencyIs the human’s ability or power to engage in self care and is affected by basic conditioning factors.
Self care agentPerson who provides the self care
Dependent care agentPerson other than the individual who provides the care (such as a parent)
It is self-care - No nursing profession is neededWhen demand and ability to meet demand is equal
It is self-care deficit - Nursing is neededWhen ability to meet demand is higher than demand
(1) Recipient of nursing care, (2) All individual functions independently to survive for health and done by himself without any help, (3) Engaged in activities to live, for health and for well beingOrem defined Person as
Able to provide self careOrem defined Health as
External, Physical, Biological, and Social Factors surrounding the patientOrem defined Environment as
memorize

IMOGENE KING

Question Answer
January 30, 1923Birthday of Imogene King
West Point, IowaWhere Imogene was born
1948When she got her BSN degree
St. Louis University Collegewhere she got her BSN degree
December 24, 2007She died on this day
Theory Of Goal AttainmentThe nurse and client communicate first in interaction and then in transaction to attain mutually set goals
Theory Of Goal AttainmentThe relationship takes place in space identified by their behaviours and occurs in forward moving time
Theory Of Goal AttainmentTheory describes a dynamic interpersonal relationship in which a person grows and develops to attain certain life goals
(1) Personal, (2) Interpersonal, (3) Social3 Interacting Systems
Personal SystemsAre individuals viewed as interacting matter, energy and info with the environment
Interpersonal SystemsWhen two or more individuals are interacting
Social SystemsDynamic forces composing society and environment
(1) Perception, (2) Self ,(3) Body Image, (4) Growth, (5) Development, (6) Space, (7) Time7 Personal Systems
(1) Interaction. (2) Communication, (3) Transaction, (4) Role, (5) Stress5 Interpersonal System
memorize

 

Question Answer
PerceptionRepresentation of reality
PerceptionA process in which data obtained is organized, interpreted and transformed
SelfComposite of thoughts and feelings which constitute a person's awareness of his individual existence
SelfUnified whole who perceives, thinks and select means to achieve them
Growth and DevelopmentThe processes in people's lives through which they move from a potential for achievement to actualization of self
Growth and DevelopmentContinuous changes in individuals
Body ImageThe way one perceives both one's body and others' reaction to one's appearance
SpaceDefined by the physical are known as territory and by the behaviors of those occupy it
TimeDefined as a duration between one event and another as uniquely experienced by each human being
TimeContinuous flow of events in successive order
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Question Answer
Interactiondefined as the observable behaviors of two or more individuals in mutual presence
InteractionProcess of perception and communication
CommunicationA process whereby information is given from one person to another either directly face-to-face meeting or indirectly
CommunicationInfo given from one person to another
TransactionA process of interactions which human beings communication with environment to achieve goals that are valued
TransactionObservable behavior of human beings interacting
RoleCharacteristics of this include reciprocity in that a person may be a giver at one time and a taker at another time with two or more individuals who are functioning
RoleSet of behaviors of person occupying position
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Question Answer
StressDynamic state whereby a human being interacts with the environment to maintain balance for growth, development and performance
PowerThe capacity to use resources in organization to achieve goals
StatusObservable, universal, reciprocal, associated with power
Decision Makingdynamic process by which goal-directed choice of perceived alternatives is made and acted upon by individuals or groups to answer a question and attain a goal
ControlA sub-concept in the social system but did not further define the concept
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Question Answer
Transaction will occurIf perceptual interaction accuracy is present in nurse-client interactions, what will occur?
Goal will be attainedIf nurse and client make transaction, what will be attained
Satisfaction will occurIf goals are attained, what will occur?
Growth & Development will be enhancedIf transactions are made in nurse-client interactions, what will happen?
Transaction will occurIf role expectations and role performance as perceived by nurse & client are congruent, what will happen?
Stress in nurse-client interaction will occurIf role conflict is experienced by nurse or client or both, what will happen?
Mutual goal setting and goal attainment will occurIf nurse with special knowledge skill communicate appropriate information to client, what will happen?
memorize

 

Question Answer
NURSING is a process of action, reaction, and interaction whereby nurse and client share information about their perceptions in the nursing situationHow did Imogene King define Nursing
Social beings who are rational and sentimental. Have ability to perceive, think, feel, choose and set goalsHow did Imogene King define Person
(1) Need for health info, (2) Need for care that seek to prevent illness, (3) Need for care when human beings are unable to help themselves3 fundamental needs of a person
Involves dynamic life experiences of a human being which implies continuous adjustment to stressors in internal and external environmentHow did Imogene King define Health
It is the environment for human interactions that involve internal & external environmentHow did Imogene King define Environment
Internal environmenttransforms energy to enable person to adjust to continuous external environmental changes
External environmentInvolves formal and informal organizations
memorize