"Let the kite perch and let the eagle perch too. If one says no to other, let his wing break."
let everyone, both the weak and the powerful, be equal here. if someone acts superior, let bad luck befall them.
"A man who pays respect to the great paves the way for his own greatness."
A respectful man is more likely to be great himself. A successful man should respect greatness. no
"A toad does not run in the daytime for nothing"
That something strange does not happen for nothing; all happens for a reason.
"An old woman is always uneasy when dry bones are mentioned in a proverb."
Someone who has a problem with something (Okonkwo with his father) can not laugh when a joke is made about it.
"The lizard that jumped from high iroko tree to the ground said he would praise himself if no one else did."
Okonkwo feels proud of his achievements even if nobody recognizes it.
"Eneke the bird says that since men have learned to shoot without missing, he has learned to fly without perching."
People adapt to other people's learnings, particularly when the other person's learnings would harm you if you kept on your present course. (If Nwakibie gave yams to every man who asked, many of the yams would be wasted by their lack of effort.)
"You can tell a ripe corn by its look"
you can tell when a person is mature and responsible (Nwakibie can tell that Okonkwo is ready to receive his gift and not take it for granted.)
"A proud heart can survive a general failure because such a failure does not prick its pride. It is more difficult and more bitter when a man fails alone."
misery loves company; if everyone fails at something, you won't feel as bad as you would if you were the only one to fail