Test review

orlando005's version from 2017-11-05 20:39

Section 1

Question Answer
1. Accepting a minor bribe is an example of meat eating.· False.
2. The police subculture is mainly communicated through formal academy training.· False.
3. The Knapp Commission focused on corruption in the New York City Police Department.· True.
4. The courts have supported drug testing of police officers based on reasonable suspicion that drug abuse is occurring.· True.
5. The Supreme Court case Tennessee v. Garner focused on the rights of individuals to file civil suits against entire police departments, not individual police officers.· False
6. A police subculture includes:· Shared values, beliefs, and forms of behavior.
7. The ability of police officers to make choices such as whether or not to investigate is known as:· Discretion
8. Effective policing appears to depend more on a candidate’s:· Innate personal qualities.
9. Programs such as the Collier County Spousal Academy are designed to help families of police officers cope with issues relating to:· Police officer stress.
10. The two key elements in the definition of police corruption are:· Misuse of authority and personal gain.
11. In general, the most common way for a police officer to die in the line of duty is as the result of:· Gunfire.
12. Which is not a characteristic of the police working personality?· Cheerful
13. A federal civil suit alleging police misconduct that is filed against a local police officer is commonly known as a:· Section 1983 lawsuit.
14. Which of the following is not a discretional decision that might be made by a patrol officer?· The decision to charge the suspect with a crime.
15. Prior to the Supreme Court ruling in Tennessee v. Garner, the use of deadly force by the police was governed by the ___ rule.· Fleeing felon.
16. The increasing formalization of police work and the accompanying rise in public acceptance of the police is known as:· Police Professionalism.
17. The 1970’s ______ Commission focused on combatting corruption in New York City.· Knapp
18. The special responsibility to adhere to moral duty and obligation that is inherent in police work is called:· Police Ethics.
19. In most big-city police departments, which branch is tasked with investigating charges of wrongdoing involving members of the department?· Internal Affairs Division.
20. The current standard for the use of deadly force by federal agents is:· Imminent danger.
21. Police discretion includes the decision to not make an arrest.· True.
22. Excessive use of force refers to the unacceptable use of force on a department-wide basis.· True.
23. Educational level is not an important recruiting criterion for policing recruitment.· False.
24. Humor is a method of stress reduction used by the police.· True.
25. The “slippery slope” perspective suggests that accepting minor gratuities can lead to more serious violations of the law.· True43.43. Which of the following is a purpose of bail?

Section 2

Question Answer
27. What is the earliest stage of the court process at which the formal notice of charges is made?· First Appearance.
28. Overall, approximately what percent of state criminal cases are resolved through plea bargaining?· Almost 95 percent
29. A _______ is an informal hearing place used to hear victims’ claims of minor wrongs such as petty theft or trespassing.· Dispute Resolution Center.
30. Which of the following does not always occur at a first appearance?· Defendants are given the opportunity for bail.
31. A _______ is a low-level court that focuses on quality-of-life crimes eroding neighborhood morale and is an official component of the formal criminal justice system.· Community Court
32. The primary purposes of the criminal trial is to:· Determine the guilt or innocence of a defendant.
33. An indictment is filed by the:· grand jury.
34. The term “trial de novo” refers to:· cases that are re-tried on appeal.
35. Which of the following is not a member of the courtroom work group?· Jury.
36. Removing the jurors from all possible outside influences is known as ______ the jury.· Sequestering
37. Courts that have the authority to review a decision made by a lower court are said to have ______ jurisdiction.· Appellate.
38. Release on recognizance:· Permits release on the basis of a written promise to appear.
39. What does the power of judicial review allow the Supreme Court to do?· Review lower-court decisions and state and federal statutes.
40. Which of the following alternatives to bail does not place any money or other items at risk if the defendant fails to appear in court?· Third-party custody release.
41. The right to a speedy trial is guaranteed by the ______ Amendment to the U.S. Constitution.· Sixth.
42. During jury selection, challenges for cause:· claim that an individual juror cannot be fair or impartial.

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