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TEST#3

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bixaniko's version from 2015-05-12 19:03

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Question Answer
What are the 4 High Level of Activity?GlutaralDehyde, FormalDehyde, Hydrogen Peroxide, and Ethylene Oxide
What are the 4 Moderate Level of Activity?Phenolics, Iodine, Chlorine, and Alcohol
what stays ACTIVE in the presence of extraneous organic matter, such as blood, pus, mucus...etc?Phenolics. ( in other words, NOT inactivated by organic matter )
What are 2 Low level of Activity?Quats compounds, and Detergents
What's very low level of activity?Soap
What are chemical agents used on inaminated(walls, floors) objects?Disinfectants
What are chemical agents used on SKIN/LIVING TISSUES?Antiseptics
What STOPS the growing of bacteria, but NOT necessarily kill them?BacterioSTATIC
what the name for Killing/Sterilizing agents?BacterioCIDAL
Whats the name of the product that is a phenolic compound that the professor said to stay away from? said it mimics hormone Thyroxine... not safe product, useless in Viruses?Triclosan
Where can you find Quats?In Towelets Lens Cleanser
What's considered "COLD STERILIZATION"?GLUTARALDEHYDE
What's NOT effective against SPORES; are absorbed by cotton and gauze, inactivated by organic compound/soaps/detergents??Quaternary Compounds. AKA "Quats"
What treat anaerobic wounds to suppress anaerobic bacteria that lack the enzyme catalase (as Clostridium)?Hydrogen peroxide
What preserves specimens. Kill microbes and viruses in Vaccine-Preparation?Formaldehyde
What's an effective STERILIZING agent and HIGHLY Penetrative- used to sterilize plasticware, bedding, lensed intruments, HEART LUNG MACHINES, heart valves?Ethylene Oxide
Where can PSEUDOMONAS grow in?Soap residues
Can Soap Kill Microbes?SOAP DO NOT KILL MICROBES!!!
T OR F. Some Pseudomonas are resistant to Chlorine in pools and in Whirlpools?TRUE
What is, in PURE STATE, is HIGHLY TOXIC and explosive and MUTAGENIC?ETHYLENE OXIDE
Name a high-Sterilizing agent that DETERIORATES?HYDROGEN PEROXIDE
What mechanically removes microbes by EMULSIFICATION?SOAPS
What mechanically removes microbes used in laudry powers, good for cleaning clothing, utensil...ect?DETERGENTS
Whats sporicidal in 10 hours and kills all other organisms and viruses in less than 1 hour?GLUTARALDEHYDES - often called "Cold Sterilization"
what are chemicals produced by living microbes called? name exampleAntibiotics. mold penicillium make pcn. Mold Cepholosporium make Cephalosporin
T or F. Antimicrobial can either be Antibiotic or DrugTRUE
what are the two problems with antibiotics?1. Can become resistant, 2. Can get allergic reactions
What antibiotics attack the cell wall?Penicillin G, Cephalosporin, Bacitracin, and Vancomycin.
Name a "competative inhibitor" that distrupt FOLIC ACID synthesis?SULFANILAMIDE. AKA SULFAs
Who Discovered Penicillin? "the Discovery of Penicllin" MR. FLEMMING
What are the PHYSICAL METHODS TO STERILIZING?1. INECERATION, 2. MOIST HEAT/AUTOCLAVE 3.BAKING OVEN, 4. FILTRATION, 5. UV LIGHTS, AND GAMMA RADIATION
What are the CRITERIAS for evaluating the usefullness of an antimicrobial?1. should be selectively toxic- only kill pathogens and will not kill the good bacterias. 2. It should not cause allergic reactions in persons body. 3. Should rapidly penertate to the specific tisues infected, thus, the antimicrobial needs to be soluble in tissues. 4. should ahve low rate of excretion and of breakdown. 5. should not cause the infectious micrboe to become resistant to the antimicrobial. 5. Should not eliminate the normal microbial population of the host.
what's similar to Penicillin but usually resistant to PENICILLINASES and case fewer allergies??CEPHALOSPORIN
What's effective in treating MRSA and Enterococcus faeceium and Enterococcus faecalis?VANCOMYSIN
what's NEUROTIXC used in serious life threatening illnesses?VANCOMYSIN
What inhibits protein synthesis, blocks ribosomes?Tetras, the AMINOGLYCOSIDES, THE CHLORAMPHENICOL, ERYTHROMYCIN, CLINDAMYCIN
What's bacteriocidal ans is TOXIC TO KIDNEY?BACITRACIN
What can cause server intestinal reaction (PSEUDOMEMBRANEOUS COLITIS) from overgrowth of Clostridium dificille?CLINDAMYCIN
One in 40k people with this drug develop APLASTIC ANEMIA?CHLORAMPHENICOL
Side effects may be serious DEAFNESS due to auditory nerve damage, vertigo, kidney damage.the aminoglycosides
**** What's "injury to plasma membranes?POLYMYXIN
*** POLYMYXIN?attacks Gram -, especially useful against Pseudomonas. Its BacterioCIDAL.
What inhibits DNA synthesis?FLUROQUINOLONES
WHAT inhibits RNA synthesis?RIFAMPIN
***what interferes with bacterial enzyme called DNA GYRASE?FLUROQUINOLONES
THis enzyme is CRITICAL to DNA replication called?DNA GYRASE
Name two antifungal antibiotics?1. Nystatin 2. Amphotericin B
What's NOT Effective against ENDOSPORES?PHENOLIC COMPOUNDS
Name 3 ingredients are needed to make FOLIC ACIDS?1. PTERIDINE 2. PABA 3. GLUTAMIC ACID
WHAT BLOCKS THE MAKING OF FOLIC ACIDS?SULFAs
whats VERY broad spectrums?Chloromphenicol and Tetras
What's CORROSIVE in pure form?Iodines
Name 2 sterilizing chemical agent that are MUTAGENIC?Formaldehydes and Ehylene Oxide
Examples of BACTERIOCIDALS? PCN G, SEMI SYNTHETICS, CEPHALOSPORIN, BACITRACIN, POLYMYXINS, FLUROQUINOLONES, RIFAMPIN, THE AMINOGLYCOSIDES
WHAT ARE THE BROAD SPECTRUMS?1. SEMI-SYNTHETICS PCN, AND RIFAMPIN
Examples of BACTERIOSTATICS?SULFAS, TETRACYCLINES, CHLORAMPHENICOL, ERYTHROMYCIN, CLINDAMYCIN
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