Test 3 - Chapter 22 - Hypertension

lebohese's version from 2018-03-28 00:25


Question Answer
What is Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP)?A measure of the pressure when hearts ventricles are contracting
What is Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP)?A measure of the heart at rest
What is normal blood pressure?120/180
What is the cause for acute blood pressure?Unknown
Diuretics site of action includesDistal convulated tubules
Thiazide diuretics block the ___ co-transporterNa+/Cl-
Loop diuretics block the ___ co-transporterNa+/K+
Thiazides promote elimination ofNa+/H2O/K+/Cl-/Mg2+
Thiazide diuretics are the _____ line therapy for hypertensionfirst
Loop diuretics are the most ____ diureticspotent
Thiazide diuretics inhibit the reabsorption ______ of sodium load5-10%
Look diuretics inhibit the reabsorption of ______ of sodium load20-30%
Potassium-sparing diuretics inhibit the reabsoprtion of _____ of sodium load1-3%
Aldosterone causes _____ and _____ reabsorptionSodium and Water
Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE) promotes the release of ____ from sympathetic neruronsnorepinepherine
Loop Diuretics common ending of "semide"
Angiotensin-Converting Inhibitor Enzyme (ACEI's) common ending"pril"
ACEI's inhibit the activity of _____ reducing angiotensin || and aldosterone levelsAngiotensin Converting Enzyme
ACEI's decrease reabsorption of ____ in renal tubulesSodium
B1-Receptor binding in Beta blockers produces ____Cardiac stimulation
B2-Receptor binding in Beta blockers causes ____ Bronchial relaxation
B-Blockers lower blood pressure bydecreasing heart rate and peripheral resistance
a-Adrenergic Antagonists common ending"zosin"
MOA of a-Adenergic blockersdilate blood vessels, produce vascular relaxation and reduce peripheral resistance
Calcium Channel Blockers (CCB) common ending"dipine"
MOA of CCB's Lower blood pressure by relaxing blood vessels
Methyldopa is a prodrug that when metabolized the body thinks isnorepinepherine
The ___ plays a major role in regulating blood pressure and is (are) the site of action for diureticskidneys
Spironolactone blocks the effect of _____Aldosterone
Doxazosin and terazosin are examples of what class?a-Arenergic Antagonists
____ is recommended for hypertensive emergencies (parenteral use) and is safe for pregnant womenHydralazine