Test 2

liveitupsunshine's version from 2017-06-21 18:06

Section 1

Question Answer
primary stainthe first dye used in differential and specialty stains
mordanta chemicle used to retain and intensify primary stain (grams iodine)
decolorizationa chemicle which will remove primary stain from some cell but not others (ethenal, acid0alcohol)
counterstainthe second or any subsaquent stain used in a differential or specialty stain
what keeps primary stain and loses counterstainpositive
what loses primary stain and keeps counter stainnegative
atrichousnot/without - lack flageller
monotrichousa single flageller present
lophotrichousmultiple flageller attached at one end
amphitrochous flageller at both ends of cell (longest in the world)
peritrichousmany flegeller attached around perifial of the cell
20 layers of peptoglycan and bond together with anchorsgram +
one layer of peptoglycan cell wall and lipidsgram -

Section 2

Question Answer
diseaseany abnormal state in which homeostasis disrupts and the body is not functionaing normally
pathologythe study of deisease and its effect of the body
degenerative dzcaused by use/age
neoplastic dztumers are formed
spreading tumors in neoplastic dzmeatstic, cancerous, malignent
non spreading tumers in neoplastic dz.benign, non-cancerous, non-milignant
heriditary dzinherited from parental gnome
testing genome?genetic screening
metabolic dzlacking a particular enzyme (diabetis)
immunological dzspacific immune defenses are damaged or lacking (aid, hiv)
infectous dzcaused by pathogens
epidemologystudy of when and where disease, particularly infectious disease, occure and how they are treated
sporatic dzdisease that occures occationaly on a population (unpredictable reoccurances)
endemic dzdisease constintly present in a population (flue)
6 pathogens from sm to lgprions, viruses, bacteria, protazoa, fungi, helminth
epoidimic dzdisease aquired by many hosts in a given area in a short period of time
pandimic dzworld wide epidemic
etiologythe cause (of disease)
transient microbs maay be present for days, weeks, months
normal micrbiotaperminantly colomnized in host
symbiosisis the relationship between us and microbs
commensilisman orginizsm id benifited and the host in uneffected
mutualismboth porganizms benifit
parasitsmthe organismbenifits and the other is harmed
microbial antagonismcompitition between microbs that normally protect the host
how do microbs normally protect the host-occupy niches that pathogens can occupy - producing acid so pathagens are repealed - producing bateriocins
probioticsare live microbs applied to or ingested into the body, intended to exert a benificial effct
prebioticsfood that have nutrients in them to support the normal microbiota currently present
CFUcolony forming unit
signsa change in the body functions that can be measuredor observed in the result of a disease (vomiting, dihareaha, rash, etc)
symptomsa change in the bidy that can be felt a patient as a result of disease ( naausua, pain, fatigue, etc)
communicable (transmittable) dzdisease that can be spread from host to host
contagous dza disease easily spread from one host to another
non communicable dza disease that is not transmitted from one host to the other

Section 3

Question Answer
iatrogenetic dzcaused by treatment for another dz (secondary dz)
idiopathicetiology cannot be determined ( dont know the cause)
infectionpathogins are multiplying in the body
localized infectionpathogin confined to a limited area
systemic infectionpathogin spread throughout the body
infestationparasitic infection (helminth, fungi, protazoa)
inflammationredness, heat, pain, swelling (adema).. occures when tissue is damaged, may ir may not include pathogins
acute dzsymptomes com on rapidly and clear up quickly
chronic dzdisease developes slowley and last longer
subacute dz symptomes are between acute and chronic
latent dzA period of no sign or symptoms when the pathogen is not actively dividing
2 major spore familiesclosterdium and bacillus
pathoginic spore families-C. tetania, - B. anthracus - C botulinum - C.perfigens - c. difficle

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