Test #2 Music History

tyleradelman1's version from 2015-10-16 03:35


Question Answer
Rotaperpetual canon on unison.
Renaissance"rebirth" or restoration of learning, ideas, values of ancient greece and rome.
Humanismstudy of things pertaining to human knowledge
Characteristics of Humanism in music includeexpanded range, contrasts between thin and thick textures, idea of personal style within music
English influence on the continent:
contenance anglosie"english quality", frequent use of harmonic 3rd and 6th. parallel motion, simple melodies, homorhythmic textures
Motet in 15th centuryany polyphonic composition in Latin text
15th century "international style" characteristicsdissonance controlled, preference for 3rds and 6ths, avoidanc of parallel 5ths and octaves. Associated with Burgundy Court
Faburden improvised english polyphony. plainchant is middle voice, lower is 3rd below and upper is 4th above
Fauxbourdoncontinental composers (I.E French) use a similar technique but with parallel 6ths
Mass in 15th Centuryall ordinary movements of polyphonic cycle. composers set mass ordinary as whole cycle
Voice added below tenor because:gives more control over harmonic foundation
cantus firmus masseach movement has same cactus firms, tenor comes from sacred of secular movement. becomes principal form of mass in 2nd half of 15th century
General Background of Franco-Flemish composersBorn in middle of 15th century. Traveled widely, worked in North France and Courts of Italy
Musical Characteristics of Franco-Flemish musicstructure/form determined by text. No formes fixes, triad-dominant harmony. Vocal parts of equal importance. composed phrase by phrase
Pervading imitationimitation of musical idea in all voices
music printing and effectsas revolutionary as notation. mass printing of music now possible.
reformationrebellion against church. Martin Luther lead it. salvation comes through faith alone. Religious authority comes from scripture. Sale of indulgences = bad
Martin Lutherpost list of arguments on church doors idea spreads cause of printing press. Establishes Lutheran Church. Inspires other protestant movements.
lutheran servicesNot in Latin, but in German. Music is central and some is sung by congregation
Lutheran ChoraleCongregational hymn of lutheran church - sung in unison. basis for lutheran music.
Calvinist ChurchJean Calvin, leader. believes some people are predestined for salvation and others for damnation. in Switzerland. focuses on god alone
define psalterbook of psalms, used for liturgical use
metrical psalmrhymed, strophic translation of psalm sung in unison. in french.
Church of EnglandEstablished by Henry VIII. Separates from Rome. Sometimes follows catholic doctrine. English replaces Latin. Known as Anglican church.
Servicemusic for anglican church service: similar to music for mass and office.
Anthempolyphonic piece, similar to motet, sung during service.
Jean De LeryCalvinist background. Though catholic mass as "idolatry" Experiences reformation. member of first protestant missionary in Brazil.