Terms related to pregnancy and childbirth

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-23 02:08

Section 1

Question Answer
gestationthe period of development of the child in the mother's uterus
pregnancythe condition of having a developing child in the uterus
due date calculated from the first day of the last menstrual period
quickeningthe first movement of the fetus in the uterus that can be felt by the mother; usually during the 16th to 20th week of pregnancy
Braxton Hicks contractionsintermittent painless uterine contractions that are not true labor pains and are usually infrequent, irregular and essentially painless
viablethe point at which the fetus is capable of living outside the uterus
antepartumthe final stage of pregnancy just before the onset of labor
nulligravidaa woman who has never been pregnant
nulliparaa woman who has never borne a viable child
primigravidaa woman during her first pregnancy
primiparaa woman who has borne one viable child
multiparousa woman who has has given birth two or more times

Section 2

Question Answer
labor and deliveryoccurs in three stages: dilation, delivery of the baby, expulsion of the afterbirth
first stage of labor and deliverydilation;longest stage; changes include gradual dilation and effacement of the cervix and the rupture of the amniotic sac
effacementthe process by which the cervix prepares for delivery as it softens, shortens, and becomes thinner
fetal monitoringthe use of an electronic device to record the fetal heart rate and the maternal uterine contractions during labor
second stage of labor and deliverydelivery of the baby; begins when the cervix is dilated to 10 cm;
cephalic presentationdescribes when the baby is coming head first; the head can be seen at the vaginal opening
the third stage of labor and deliverythe expulsion of the placenta as the after birth
postpartumafter the childbirth

Section 3

Question Answer
puerperiumthe time from the delivery of the placenta through approximately the first 6 weeks after the delivery
lochiathe postpartum vaginal discharge that typically continues for 4 to 6 weeks after childbirth; consists primarily of blood and mucus
uterine involutionthe return of the uterus to its normal size and former condition after delivery
involutionthe return of an enlarges organ to its normal size
colostrumspecialized form of milk that delivers essential nutrients and antibodies in a form the infant can digest
lactationthe process of forming and secreting milk from the breasts as nourishment for the infant
postpartum depressiona mood disorder characterized by feelings of sadness and the loss of pleasure in normal activities; one cause is the rapid change in the hormone levels that occurs after giving birth
neonatea newborn infant during the first 4 weeks after birth
vernixa greasy substance that covers the fetus in utero and can still be present at birth
meconiumthe greenish material that collects in the intestine of a fetus and forms the first stools of a newborn
Apgar scorea scale of 1 to 10 to evaluate a newborn infant's physical status at 1 and 5 minutes after birth
5 criteria for the Apgar score1. heart rate; 2. respiratory effort; 3. muscle tone; 4. response to stimulation; 5. skin color