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System Theory

Updated 2009-03-07 13:50


System theory chapter 1 from Schoderbeck.

Chapter 1

Define the term complexity !- the number of system elements
- their attributes
- the number of interactions among the elements
- the degree of organization of the elements.
What do we mean by systems thinking ?When you approach systems with a systems thinking, you need to look at it with a holistic view. The relations between the parts is more important than specific (isolated) parts. Opposed to analytical approach the systems thinking observes the system environment and it's impact on the system. The system is viewed as changeable.
What does an analytical approach mean?With an analytical approach you break down the system into parts and study them, to understand the whole. The analyse complements with synthesize: "[...] the analyst then proceeds to put together (to synthesize) the various pieces previously broken down (analyzed)" p.7
What is an analysis?Breaking down the whole and analyse the individual parts.
What is a synthesis?The opposite to analysis, you combine parts, make it to a whole and study it.
Compare the analytical approach with the systems approach.With analytical approach you break down the system into small parts and studies them. The analyse complements with synthesize, when the parts puts together to a new whole.
The system approach observes the system as a whole. The relations is more important than the isolated parts. Opposed to the analytical approach, the systems approach observes the system environment which has an impact on the system. The system is viewed as changeable.
Mention the differences between systems philosophy, systems methodology and systems techniques.It is three different ways of analyzing and approach a system.

Philosophy: To understand nonspecifc guidelines for action. A thinking that the author for our book nnames systems thinking, systems view or systems approach.

Methodology: More specific, less general and firmer guidelines to action than those provided by a philosophy.

Techniques: Precise and specific programs of action to produce a result.