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robbypowell's version from 2015-12-07 15:39

upper extremity

1

Question Answer
The axial skeleton is composed of the bones along the _____ axis of the body: ____, _______, & ______ ______Central; Skull, Vertebrae, & Thoracic Cage
____ girdle consists of bones that hold the upper limbs in placePectoral
_____ girdle consists of bones that hold the lower limbs in placepelvic
The ______ skeleton consists of the the bones that hold the limbs to the trunk of the body.Appendicular
The ____ skeleton is composed of the bones along the central axis of the bodyaxial
What bones form the pectoral girdle?Scapula & Clavicle
What is the joint of the brachium? (shoulder) _____; what bones?Glenohumeral joint; Humerus & Scapula (glenoid fossa)
What part of the scapula articulates with the clavicle?Acromion
What 3 MUSCLES HELP ATTACH UPPER EXTREMITY TO AXIAL SKELETON?Deltoid, Pectoralis Major & Pectoralis Minor
If INSERTION on scapula = Move ____Scapula
If ORIGIN on scapula = Move ____Arm
What 4 muscles attach pectoral girdle to axial skeleton?Levator scapulae, Rhomboids, Trapezius & Latissimus dorsi
What 2 structures pass immediately posterior to the neck of the humerus?Axillary Nerve & Posterior Circumflex Humeral Artery
What are the 4 muscles of the rotator cuff(SITS) Supraspinatus, Infraspinatus, Teres minor & Subscapularis
Humeral Head Dislocation may injure what 2 nerves?Axillary & Radial
What is the most frequently injured muscle of the rotator cuff?Supraspinitis muscle
Anterior compartment of the arm contains elbow _____Flexors
Posterior compartment of the arm contains elbow _____extensors
Biceps brachii, Brachialis, & Coracobrachialis are the principal _____ of the elbowFlexors
triceps brachii m. & anconeus m. are the principal _____ of the elbowExtensors
The ____ artery supplies the anterior compartment muscles of the armBrachial
The ____ nerve supplies the anterior compartment muscles of the armMusculocutaneous
What nerve pierces the Coracobrachialis muscle?Musculocutaneous nerve
Musculocutaneous nerve is supplied by what spinal levels?C5-C7
Extensors of the arm (elbow, wrist) are innervated by what nerve?Radial nerve
Flexion of the arm is carried by what nerve?Musculocutaneous nerve
The bone that moves during supination and pronation of the forearm is the ____Radius
supinator and pronator muscles of forearm are attached to the ___radius
Wrist extensors are attached to the ____ epicondyleLateral
Wrist flexors are attached to the ____ epicondyleMedial
What is the "main" forearm supinator muscle?Biceps brachii (Supinator muscle also works, but Bicep is apparently "main supinator of forearm")
Compression of the ____ nerve in the carpal tunnel produces carpal tunnel syndromeMedian
What is the largest branch of the brachial artery?Profunda brachii (aka Deep brachial artery)
What nerve runs with profunda brachii artery?Radial nerve
What nerve runs with Brachial artery?Median nerve
What artery runs with Radial nerve in arm?profunda brachii (deep brachial art.)
What artery runs with median nerve in arm?Brachial artery
landmark delineation between axillary and brachial arteryInf. border of Teres Major muscle
What artery and nerve pass through the Cubital Fossa?Brachial Art. & Median N.
Hitting what nerve gives the "funny bone" sensation?Ulnar n.
Which veins are used to draw blood?Cephalic, Basilic & Median Cubital veins
What connects the Cephalic veins & Basilic veins at the elbow?Median Cubital veins
Shallow groove that passes around the shaft of the humerusRadial groove
What two structures run through radial groove?Profunda brachii artery & Radial n.
Where does Biceps brachii attach to the Humerus?Nowhere... (It attaches to Scapula and Radius, skipping humerus) (Coracobrachialis does attach to mid-humerus)
What is the largest branch of the Axillary artery?Subscapular art.
Brachoradialis muscle innervated by which nerve?RADIAL
What two muscles (or parts of muscles) are on front of forearm are innervated by Ulnar n.?Flexor carpi ulnaris & medial 1/2 of Flexor digitorum profundus
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case

Question Answer
In an attempt to obtain a blood sample from the patient's median cubital vein, a RN in advertently procures arterial blood. During the procedure, the needle hits a nerve medial to the artery. Which nerve is most likely damaged?Median N.
boy is injured in an automobile accident. He has a fracture of the shaft of the humerus. Which of the following nerves is most likely damaged?Radial nerve
fracture of the shaft of the humerus. After this accident, supination is still possible through contraction of which muscle?Biceps brachii (Main supinator of forearm)
head of the humerus is fractured, which of the following structures is most likely injured?; muscles is most likely paralyzed?Posterior Humeral Circumflex artery; Infraspinitus muscle
Pt complains of elbow pain and inability to supinate her forearm at all (after fall). Which nerves are most likely injuredRadial and musculocutaneous nerves
patient complains of sensory loss over the anterior and posterior surface of the medial third of the hand and the medial one and one half fingers. Which nerve is injured?Ulnar
Patient is diagnosed as having "funny bone" symptoms. Which nerve is injured?Ulnar
man injures his wrist on broken glass. Which of the following structures entering the palm superficial to the flexor retinaculum maybe be damaged?Ulnar artery and ulnar nerve
fractured the upper portion of the humerus. Which nerves are intimately related to be humerus and most likely to be injured by such a fracture?Radial and axillary
lesion of the radial nerve would most likely cause paralysis of muscles that are attached to the olecranon process, what is the name of the muscle?Triceps brachii
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move scapula or arm

Question Answer
RhomboidsScapula
TrapeziusScapula
Pectoralis MinorScapula
Serratus VentralisScapula
Levator ScapulaeScapula
SubscapularisArm
SupraspinatusArm
InfraspinatusArm
Teres MinorArm
Teres MajorArm
Latissimus Dorsi (partial O on scap)Arm
CoracobrachialisArm
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muscle groups

Question Answer
muscles of the rotator cuff(SITS) Supraspinitus, Infraspinitus, Teres Minor & Subscapularis
principal flexors of the elbowBiceps brachii, Brachialis, Coracobrachialis
Principal extensors of the elbowTriceps brachii & Anconeus
Forearm Supinator musclesBiceps brachii (yah rly) (main) & Supinator muscle
Forearm Pronator musclespronator teres, pronator quadratus
8 muscles of the flexor groupBiceps, Brachialis, Brachioradialis, Pronator theres, Flexor carpi radialis, Pronator quadrates, Palmaris longus & Flexor carpi ulnaris (3B PT Fucker Pukes PL FU)
4/12 Muscles of extensor group that don’t have extensor in the nameTriceps, Brachioradialis, Anconeus, & Abductor Pollicis Longus
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Arteries that supply

Question Answer
anterior compartment muscles of armBrachial
TRICEPS BRACHII IN POSTERIOR COMPARTMENT OF ARM & ASSOCIATED SKINDeep Brachial Artery
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nerve supply

Question Answer
anterior compartment muscles of the armMusculocutaneous (C5-7)
MUSCLES OF ANTERIOR COMPARTMENT OF ARM & LATERAL SKIN OF FOREARMMusculocutaneous (C5-7)
TRICEPS BRACHII IN POSTERIOR COMPARTMENT OF ARM & ASSOCIATED SKINRadial Nerve
muscles of the front of the armMusculocutaneous n.
muscles of the front of the forearm Median n.
muscles of the back of the arm and forearmRadial n.
intrinsic muscles of the hand (+ FCU and med ½ of FDP)Ulnar n.
runs through Carpal tunnelMedian n.
accompanies the brachial arterymedian n.
accompanies the produnda brachii artery (aka deep brachial artery)Radial
Runs across surgical neck of HumerusAxillary N.
Runs along post. medial Humerus?Radial N.
Runs along Humerus posterior to medial epicondyleUlnar N.
all extensors in forearmRadial nerve
passes under the medial epicondyle of the humerusUlnar N.
runs along Ulna to volar aspect of forearm and down to handUlnar N.
the anterior interosseous nerve (forearm) is a branch off of what nerve (ties back into it)Median N.
all flexors of hand are supplied by ____ nerve except Flexor Carpi ulnaris and med ½ of flexor dig. Profundus are supplied by ___ nerveMedian; Ulnar
INNERVATES ALL MUSCLES OF THE FRONT OF THE FOREARM (FLEXORS AND PRONATORS) with 3 exceptionsMedian N.
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