Swimming Terms

chichi's version from 2015-04-28 19:16



Question Answer
American CrawlA term often used to describe a form of swimming in which the swimmer takes six flutter kicks to each complete stroke of the arms.
Australian CrawlStroke in which swimmers takes an arm stroke for each flutter kick of opposite leg, hence a two-beat crawl. This form is very effective in distance swimming.
Backstroke (back crawl)A stroke on the back in which arms stroke alternately with recovery out of the water, with legs using a flutter kick, usually six beats to an arm cycle; virtually an inverted crawl.
Elementary BackstrokeA less strenuous stroke in which arms move simultaneously under the water with a frog kick employed by the legs
Breast StrokeA swimming stroke in which a person lies face down in the water and extends the arms in front of the head, then sweeps them both back laterally under the surface of the water while performing a frog kick.
BobbingAlternately going below the water surface and ascending in vertical position with head up.
Body Roll A rotating movement of the body around the midline
Dog paddleA primitive form of swimming often/adopted by beginners in which the arms are extended forward alternatively, usually under water with leg kick inconsistent.
Finning A swimming stroke in which the swimmer lies on back, feet together, hands at sides. Propulsion comes from movement of hands towards the feet.
Flutter kickA fast vertical kick, with legs moving alternately and rhythmically in a loose whipping motion, with power for knee and ankle action coming from the hip joints.
Front CrawlA swimming stroke; arms are moved alternately overhead accompanied by a flutter kick.
Free StyleAny desired stroke the swimmer may wish to use. Since the crawl is the fastest stroke, it is the one invariably used in competition.
Frog kickA kick used in the breaststroke. The knees are drawn forward and outward slowly with heels fairly close together, and then pressed backward and outward as the feet whip around in an arc. The kick is completed by squeezing the legs together with toes pointed.
GlideThe stage of a stroke after the power phase when the body keeps moving without any swimmer effort
GutterEdge of the pool containing drainage for disposal of excess water
High BoardA term often applied to the three-meter diving board.
Cannonball FloatFloating position with arms and legs hanging down in water, hands holding ankles, head under water, rounded portion of back showing on surface.
Kick BoardA buoyant board which may be grasped with hands and used in developing kicking techniques.
Low BoardA term often used applied to the one-meter diving board.
Life JacketAn inflatable sleeveless jacket worn to keep a person afloat when in danger of drowning
Prone FloatFloating in water with face down, arms and legs extended.
Scissors kickA kick used in the side stroke or trudgen. Swimmers starts with legs together, extending them to stride position, with one leg going forward and one backward, both moving in a plane parallel to water’s surface. Knees are bent during recovery part of the kick.
SidestrokeA swimming stroke in which a person swims on one side and thrusts the arms forward and downward alternately while performing a scissors kick
Supine FloatA floating position on one's back with arms extended out to the sides and face upward.
Rhythmic breathingIs a technique in swimming that enables you to take in enough air to sustain your workout while keeping your swim pace.
Tread WaterA swimming technique that enable the swimmer to remain afloat in a vertical position by kicking the legs and, if necessary, by using the arms extended in a sweeping movement
Trudgen CrawlA crawl stroke in which a scissors kick is combined with the flutter kick

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