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Supreme Court Cases

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wijonuju's version from 2017-04-06 10:44

Section

Question Answer
Marbury v Madison1803 (Judicial Review)
McCulloch v. Maryland1819 (Government's implied powers over states)
Dred Scot v. Stanford1857 (Denied citizenship to African-American slaves)
Plessy v. Ferguson1896 (Seperate but equal segregation laws in states)
Korematsu v. United States1944 (Internment of Japanese Americans during the Second World War)
Brown v. Board of Education 1954 (Separating black and white students is unconstitutional)
Gideon v. Wainwright1963 (Criminal defendants have a right to an attorney, even if they can't afford one)
New York Times v. Sullivan1964 (Lawsuits based on libels or deformation must show intent or recklessness)
Miranda v. Arizona 1966 (Prisoners must be advised of their rights before being questioned by police)
Loving v. Virginia1967 (Invalidated state laws prohibiting interracial marriage.)
Texas v. Johnson 1989 (Invalidated prohibition of flag desecration.)
Roe v. Wade1973 (Women have a constitutional right to an abortion during the first two trimesters.)
U.S. v. Nixon 1974 (President cannot use executive privilege to withhold evidence from criminal trial.)
Regents of the University of California v. Bakke1978 (Upheld use of race as one of many factors in college admissions)
Lee v. Weisman1992 (The Court declared prayer at public school graduation ceremonies unconstitutional.)
United States v. Lopez1995 (Gun-Free School Zones Act declared unconstitutional.)
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William Jefferson Clinton v. Paula Corbin Jones: 1997 (Clinton's claim to immunity of prosecution whilst President deemed unconstitutional.)
Question Answer
Bush v. Gore2000 (No recount of the 2000 presidential election was feasible in a reasonable time period.)
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Question Answer
Lawrence v. Texas2003 (Struck down state laws that prohibited sodomy between consenting adults)
Roper v. Simmons2005 ( Unconstitutional to sentence anyone to death for a crime committed under the age of 18 years.)
Hamdan v Rumsfield2006 (Court declared military commissions set up by Bush to try Guantanamo Bay detainees was unconstitutional.)
Baze v. Rees2008 (Lethal injection is not 'cruel or unusual'.)
District of Columbia v. Heller2008 (Citizens have a right to possess firearms at home for self-defense.)
Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission2010 (Corporations and unions can spend unlimited amounts in elections)
Snyder v. Phelps2011 (Upheld the right of a fringe church group to stage anti-gay protests at military funerals.)
National Federation of Independent Business v. Sebelius2012 (Upheld the mandate that most Americans have health insurance.)
Shelby Counter v. Holder2013 (States and localities do not need federal approval to change voting laws.)
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United States v. Windsor: 2013 (Federal government must provide benefits to legally married same-sex couples)
Question Answer
Obergefel v. Hodges2015 (Same-sex marriage is legalized across all 50 states.)
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