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Styles Quiz 1

jmd321's version from 2018-09-18 05:08

Section 1

Question Answer
idiophonevibration of entire body of instrument--triangles, cymbals, marimba, wood blocks
membranophonevibration of skin or membrane tightly stretched over shell or tube-bongos, tambourine, timpani, snare drum, bass drum
chordophonevibration of strings when struck, tuned instruments-string instruments
aerophoneair column vibrates within an enclosed body-flute, trumpet, horn, trombone
electrophoneproduced, modified or amplified by electronic circuits-synthesizer, hammond organ, theremin

Section 2

Question Answer
ostinatorhythm or melodic pattern that is repeated throughout part of or the entire composition
a cappella vocal music performed without accompaniment
diageticsource of sound is visible in scene
non-diagetic sound source is neither visible and not implied to be present in the scene
verse-refrain formAABA form
duple meterprimary division of two beats to the bar (2/2, 6/8)
triple meterdivision of 3 beats to the bar
quadruple meterdivision of 4 beats to the bar
ameterthe absence of meter

Section 3

Question Answer
simple divisiondivide each division into two smaller divisions for a total of four subdivisions per beat- ta di becomes ta ka di mi
compound divisiondivide each division into two smaller divisions for a total of six subdivisions per peat- ta ki da becomes ta va ki di da ma
tonal accenthigher or lower than surrounding pitches
agogic accentlonger or shorter than surrounding durations
dynamic accentlouder or softer than surrounding sounds
metric accentthe accent falling on the downbeat of a measure
downbeatfirst beat of a measure
syncopationdeliberate upsetting of the meter or pulse, temporary shifting of an accent to the weak beat

Section 4

Question Answer
Fugue in C Minor, no. 2, from the Well-Tempered ClavierBach
German Requiem, Op. 45, movement IV, "How Lovely is Thy Dwelling Place"Brahms
"An Silvia"Schubert
"Le Sacre du Printemps", opening scene, "The Adoration of the Earth"Stravinsky
Preludes for Piano, No. 1 Gershwin
"The Well-Tempered Clavier", Book 1: Fugue in C Minor, no. 2 (as performed on synthesizer by Wendy Carlos)Bach
Two-Part Invention No. 14 in B Flat (as performed on piano)Bach
Two-Part Invention in B-Flat Major (as performed on marimba)Bach

Section 5

Question Answer
"Young Person's Guide to the Orchestra" Op. 34; opening theme with VariationsBritten
"Udu Chant"Mickey Hart
"Pictures from an Exhibition", mvt. I, "Promenade"Mussorgsky
Canon in D Major (Giardino Armonico, performers)Pachelbel
'Hit the Road Jack"Ray Charles
"Music for Eighteen Musicians" (opening)Steve Reich
"Jingle Bells"The Roches
"Sylvie"Sweet Honey in the Rock
"Wildlife" (from the album "Four Corners")Yellowjackets

Section 6

Question Answer
master licensepermission to use someone else's recording on your new audio recording (sampling existing beats, recording karaoke)
mechanical licensepermission to release a new recording of a song that someone else wrote in audio-only format (recording a cover)
public domainsongs published before 1923-do not require licensing
do any sound recordings fall in the public domain?no
public performance licensepermission to play a song that someone else wrote
synchronization licensepermission to release a new recording of a song that someone else wrote (video) (youtube video of cover songs)
theatrical license permission to perform a live theatrical production that someone else wrote

Section 7

Question Answer
texturehow tempo, melodic, and harmonic materials are combined in a composition and thus determining overall quality of the sound in a piece
monophony, monophonicsingle layer of activity
homophony, homophonic involves a hierarchy among layers of activity such that a figure-ground relationship is created (chorale texture, melody with accompaniment)
polyphony, polyphonicinvolves two or more distinct layers of equal, principal status, which may or may not be accompanied by subordinate activity
canon (canonic)employs a melody with one or more imitations of the melody played after a given duration
imitationrepetition in melody in a polyphonic texture shortly after its first appearance in a different voice. may vary through transposition, inversion, or otherwise