Study Section 2.3

anp108's version from 2017-01-24 21:31


Question Answer
abdominal cavityspace below the chest containing organs such as the liver, stomach, gallbladder, and intestines; also called the abdomen or peritoneal cavity
cranial cavityspace in the head containing the brain and surrounded by the skull
diaphragmmuscle separating the abdominal and thoracic cavities. The diaphragm moves up and down and aids in breathing
dorsal (posterior)pertaining to the back
mediastinumcentrally located space outside of and between the lungs
pelvic cavityspace below the abdomen containing portions of the intestines, rectum, urinary bladder, and reproductive organs
peritoneumdouble-folded membrane surrounding the abdominal cavity. The peritoneum attaches abdominal viscera to muscles and functions as a protective membrane (containing blood vessels and nerves) around the organs
pleuradouble-folded membrane surrounding each lung
pleural cavityspace between pleural layers
spinal cavityspace within the spinal column containing the spinal cord. also called the spinal canal
thoracic cavityspace in the chest containing the heart, lungs, bronchial tubes, trachea, esophagus, and other organs
ventral (anterior)pertaining to the front