Study Section 2.1

anp108's version from 2017-01-24 21:14


Question Answer
anabolismprocess of building up large proteins from small protein pieces called amino acids
catabolismprocess whereby complex nutrients are broken down to simpler substances and energy is released
cell membranestructure surrounding and protecting the cell. It determines what enters and leaves the cell
chromosomesrod-shaped structures in the nucleus that contain regions of DNA called genes. there are 46 chromosomes (23 pairs) in every cell except for the egg and sperm cells, which contain only 23 individual, unpaired chromosomes
cytoplasmall of the material that is outside the nucleus and yet contained within the cell membrane
DNAchemical found within each chromosome, arranged like a sequence of recipes in code, it directs the activities of the cell
endoplasmic reticulumnetwork of canals within the cytoplasm of the cell. here, large proteins are made from smaller protein pieces
genesregions of DNA within each chromosome
karyotypepicture of chromosomes in the nucleus of a cell. includes catabolism and anabolism
mitochondriastructures in the cytoplasm that provide the principal source of energy for the cell
nucleuscontrol center of the cell. it contains chromosomes and directs the activities of the cell