Create
Learn
Share

Study Guide for Phlebotomy Technician - 05

rename
kozukivi's version from 2017-02-25 14:07

ORDER OF DRAW

Question Answer
1)blood culture tubes or vials YELLOW
2)sodium citrate tubes BLUE
3)serum tubes with or without clot activator or gel RED
4)heparin tubes GREEN
5)EDTA tubes LAVENDER
6)Oxalate/fluoride tube GRAY
memorize

TEST TUBES, ADDITIVES & TESTS

Question Answer
Lavendar topanticoagulant, Must be filled 2/3 full, inverted 8 x's
Lavendar topEDTA
EDTAanticoagulant binds to Ca
EDTAEthylene Diamine Tetra Acetic Acid
Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetic Acidinhibits coagulation by binding Ca
Lavendar top testsCBC
CBCComplete Blood Count
Complete Blood CountRBC, WBC & PLATELET Counts, WBC differential count, Hemoglobin and Hematocrit determinations, ESR & Sickle cell screening
hematocrit determinationsmeasures the fraction of the blood that is made up of RBCsRBCRed Blood Count
Hemoglobin determinationsoxygen-carrying protein that is found within all RBCs
WBCWhite Blood Count
PLATELET CountsClotting count
WBC differential count?
ESRErthrocyte Sedimentation Rate
Sickle cell screening?
memorize

LIGHT BLUE TUBES

Question Answer
Light Blue topanticoagulant, Sodium Citrate, inverted 3-4 times, Filled Completely, 9 (blood) to 1 (sodium citrate) ratio, inverted 3-4 x's
Sodium Citrateis anticoagulation that prevents coagulation by binding to Ca, preserves coagulatioin factors
Light Blue top testscoagulation studies, PT, APTT, PTT, FDP, TT, Factor Assays & BT
Light Blue top testsFDP, TT, Factor assays, BT, PT, APTT
APTTActivated Partial Thromboplastin TIme
PTTPartial Thromboplastin Time
Partial Thromboplastin Timeeval. instrinsic, cascade/monitor heperin therapy
Fibrinogen Degradation Products(FDP)
Thrombin TimeTT
Factor Assays?
Bleeding TimeBT
PTProthrombin Test
Prothrombin Testeval. extrinsic, cascade/monitor coumadin therapy
memorize

GREEN TOP

Question Answer
Green topHeparin anticoagulant, inverted 8 x's
Heparinanticoagulant when combined with sodium, litium or ammonium ion
Heparin worksinhibiting throbin in coagulation cascade.
Heparin NOTused for hematology, interfers w/Wright's stained blood smear.
Green top testChemistry Tests, Plasma such as ammonia, carboxymenoglobin & STAT elecrolyts
memorize

GRAY TOP

Question Answer
Gray topadditives & anticoagulants, ALL contain glucose preseration(antiglycolytic agent), 8 x's
sodium fluoride additiveperserves glucose for 3 days
lithium iodoacetate additiveperserves glucose for 24 hrs
potassium oxalateprevents clotting, binds to Ca
Gray top testFBS, GTT, Blood alcohol levels, Lactic acid measurment
memorize

RED/GRAY

Question Answer
Red/Gray (speckled top) aka Tiger topSST, inverted 5 x's
SSTSerum separator tubes, clot activators in glass, silica & celite, stops clot formin & thixotroic gel, centrifigured forms barrier between serum & cells preventing contaimation of serumwith cellular elements
Red/Gray (speckled top) testMost chmistry tests
memorize

RED

Question Answer
Red topno additive or anticoagant, NO need to invert
Coagulationprocess takes 30 min
Red top testSerum chemistry tests, serology test & blood bank
memorize

YELLOW

Question Answer
Yellow topSTERILE anticoagulant, 8 x's
SPSSocium polyanetholesulfonate
SPSaids in recovery of micro organism by inhibiting action of complement, phagocytes, and certain antibodies
memorize