Create
Learn
Share

Step 1 Drug Side Effects By Organ System High Yield *Most Common

rename
motazsal's version from 2017-07-25 05:30

Drug side effects by organ System

Skin

Question Answer Column 3
Photosensitivitysulfonamides, amiodarone, tetracycline.Pneumonic "I SAT for a PHOTO"
Lupus-Like syndromesulfonamides, hydralazine, isoniazid, procainamide, phenytoin.Pneumonic "SHIPP"
Steven-Johnson syndromePhenobarbital, ethosuximide, carbamazepine, lamotrigine, penicillins, allopurinol, sulfonamides, phenytoin."Steven-Johnson Participated in Every College Level Pentathlon And Still Practices"
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
Facial Flushingniacin, verapamil, nifedipine, diltiazem, adenosine, vancomycin, echinocandinsPneumonic "VANNC" Vancomycin, Adenosine, Niacin, nifedipine, Calcium channel blockers (diltiazem, verapamil)
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
Coronary Vasospasmcocaine, sumatriptanPneumonic "Coronary Spasm"

Cocaine, Sumatriptan
Dilated cardsiomyopathydoxorubicin, daunorubicin, cocaine, alcohol, pregnancy, hemochromatosis, geneticPneumonic "Double D's brings RUBICIN's heart to its knees
Torsades de Pointes





Hyperkalemia
antiArrhythmics: (Class IA & Class III)
antiBiotics (Macrolides)
antiCychotics: (eg, haloperidol)
antiDepressants (TCAs)
antiEmetics (eg, ondansetron)

All Class I antiarrhythmics, digoxin, ACEI/ARBs, NSAIDs, spironolactone, cyclosporine
A
B
C
D
E
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
CoughACE inhibitorsCough up the Ace up your sleeve
Pulmonary fibrosisMethotrexate, Nitrofurantoin, Carmustine, Bleomycin, Busulfan, AmiodaroneMy Nose Cannot Breathe Bad Air
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
HepatitisIsoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, statins, fibratesCuz this shit ruins everything.
Hepatic NecrosisHalothane, Acetomenophen, Valproic AcidPneumonic "HAVA dying liver"
Acute cholestatic hepatitis

Pancreatitis
Macrolides: azithromycin, clarithromycin, eythromycin


Didanosine, Corticosteroids, Alcohol, Valproic acid, Azathioprine, Diuretics (furosemide, HCTZ)
Pneumonic "ACE=ACH"


Drugs Causing A Violent Abdominal Distress
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
Agranulocytosismethimazole, dapsone, propylthiouracil, clozapine, carbamazepine, colchicine, ganciclovir"My Dad's Pretty Comfy Couch Costs Agran"ulocytosis
Aplastic anemiabenzene, chloramphenicol, NSAIDs, propylthiouracil, methimazole, carbamazepineThe AplasticaNAMias are Ben, Chuck, Nate, Pete, and Matt.
Hemolytic anemia (direct Coombs-positive)methyldopa, penicillin
Hemolytic anemis in G6PD deficient ptsisoniazid, sulfonamides, primaquine, aspirin, ibuprofen, nitrofurantoin, fava beans, naphthalene, dapsone.IS PAIN For Nothing Dad?"
Gray Baby syndromeChloramphenicol
ThrombosisOral contraceptive pills (OCPs)If it should bleed it clots
Thrombocytopenia



Megaloblastic anemia
Heparin, cimetidine



Phenytoin, methotrexate, sulfa drugs
TX for heparin induced thrombocytopenid is Protamine Sulfate
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
Interstitial Nephritismethicillin, NSAIDs, furosemideIN the MeNs room
Hemorrhagic cystitiscyclophosphamide, ifosfamideAlkylating cancer drugs piss off the bladder (administer with mesna to prevent)
Fanconi syndromeExpired tetracyclines, Wilson's disease, Heavy Metal exposure (lead)Dead cyclines kill kidneys
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
Pseudomembrane colitisclindamycin, ampicillin, cephalosporinsBeing PC just AMPS up Clinda
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
Osteoporosiscorticosteroids, heparin, smoking, alcohol, PPIs, H2 blockers
Gout (hyperuricemia)furosemide, thiazide, pyrazinamide, niacin, cyclosporine
Tendonitis, tendon rupture and cartilage damageflouroquinolones: cirpofloxacin, levafloxacin
Gingival hyperplasia


Myopathy
phenytoin, calcium channel blockers, cyclosporine


Statins, fibrates, niacin, colchicine, hydroxychloroquine, interferon-alpha, penicillamine, glucocorticoids
the VP has phat gums
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
Adrenocortical insufficiencyglucocorticoid withdrawalACTH down regulation
Gynecomastiaspirinolactone, THC (marijuana), alcohol (chronic), cimetidine, ketoconazole, estrogens, digitalisSTACKED
Hot Flashestamoxifen, clomipheneFemales Flash their Breasts when trying to be fertile
Diabetes insipidus

SIADH

Teratogenicity in Pregnancy

Hypothyroidism


Hyperglycemia
Lithium, demeclocycline

Carbmazepine, Cyclophosphamide, SSRIs

ACEI/ARBs


Lithium, amiodarone, sulfonamides

Tacrolimus, protease inhibitors, niacin, HCTZ, corticosteroids
Tx: HCTZ or amiloride

Cannot Concentrate Serum Sodium
memorize

 

Question Answer Column 3
Siezuresbuproprion, imipenem/cilastatin, Isoniazid, tramadol, metoclopramide, withdrawal (benzos and ETOH)IC Bad Seizures
Tardive dyskinesiaantipsychotics, metoclopramide, ReserpineParkinsons-like symptoms
Disulfiram-like reactionmetronidazole, certain cephalosporins: (cefotetan, cefopenazone, cefamondole), procarbazine, 1st gen sulfonylureas: (tolbutamide, chlorpropamide), disulfiram
Neurotoxicity/NephrotoxicityPolymixins, cisplatin, aminoglycosidesCAP from head to pee these are bad for thee
Ototoxic/NephrotoxicAminoglycosides: (gentamicin, neomycin, tobramycin amikacin), cisplatin, loop diuretics: (furosemide, bumetanide, ethacrynic acid), vancomycin
Cinchonism

Cyanide toxicity
Quinidine (class IA antiarrythmics), Quinine

Nitroprusside
cinchonism is HAs, tinnitis, dizziness and vision changes
memorize