# Statistics Final Part 2

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rad2329's
version from
2016-12-12 14:21

## Section 1

Question | Answer |
---|---|

A program that evaluates the healthcare facility's efficiency in providing necessary care to patients in the most effective manner. | Utilization Management |

The sum of the days of stay of any group of inpatient discharged during a specific period of time; also called discharge days. | Total length of stay |

Payment groups designed for the Medicare population that recognize severity of illness resource use, and patient complexity. | MS-DRG |

The number of inpatient deaths that occurred during a given time period divided by the total number of inpatient discharges, including deaths, for the same time period. | Gross death rate |

The ratio of deaths within 10 days after surgery to the total number of operations performed during a specified period of time. | Postoperative death rate |

The death of a product of human conception that is fewer than 20 weeks of gestation and 500 grams or less in weight before its complete expulsion or extration from the mother. | Early fetal death |

An all inclusive term that refers to both stillbirths & neonatal deaths. | Perinatal death |

Occuring after childbirth. | Postpartum |

A medical condition that arises during an inpatient hospitalization. | Complication |

A term referring to the incidence of death in a specific population. | Mortality |

## Section 2

Question | Answer |
---|---|

The number of newborns who died divided by the total number of newborns, both alive and dead. | Newborn death rate |

The total number of inpatient deaths minus the number of deaths that occurred less than 48 hours after admission for a given time period divided by the total number of inpatient discharges minus the number of deaths that occurred less than 48 hours after admission for the same time period. | Net death rate |

The adjusted hospital autopsy rate includes ____. | Patient's whose bodies are available for hospital autopsy minus coroner's cases. |

_____ the state of being diseased or the number of sick persons or cases of disease in relation to a specific population. | Morbidity |

A patient that delivers live triplets is credited with _____. | Three births and one delivery |

The financial analysis of the extent of value a major purchase will provide. | Return on investment. |

A plan that converts the organization's goals and objectives into targets for revenue & spending. | Budget |

The authentication of a computer entry in a health record made by the individual making the entry. | Electronic signature. |

The toal number of workers, including part time, in an area as the equivalent of full-time positions. | FTEs |

Any consecutive 12-month period an organization uses as its accounting period. | Fiscal year |

## Section 3

Question | Answer |
---|---|

A financial method used to evaluate the value of a capital expenditure by calculating the time frames that must pass before inflow of cash from a project equals or exceeds outflow of cash. | Payback period |

A measurement of quality, utilzation & cost of medical resources provided by physicians that is made by employers, third-party payers, government entities, & other purchasers of healthcare. | Profiling |

A type of financial plan that allocates and controls resources to meet an organization's goals & objectives for the fiscal year. | Operational budget |

The average relative weight of all cases treated at a given facility, or by a given physician, which reflects the resource intensity or clinical severity of a specific group in relation to the other groups in the classification system. | Case-mix index |

The horizontal stretching of a frequency distribution to one side or the other so that one tail is longer than the other. | Skewness |

Distance or extent between possible extremes. | Range |

These describe a population. | Descriptive statistics |

The difference between each score & every other score in a frequency distribution. | Variability |

An extreme statistical value that falls outside the normal range. | Outlier |

The fourth equal part of a distribution. | Quartile |

## Section 4

Question | Answer |
---|---|

The midpoint (center) of the distribution of values, or the point above & below which 50 percent of the values fall. | Median |

A measure of central tendency that is determined by calculating the arithmetic average of the observations in a frequency distribution. | Mean |

A measure of central tendency that consists of the most frequent observation in a frequency distribution. | Mode |

A characteristic or property that may take on different values. | Variable |

The total number of autopsies performed by a hospital pathologist for a given time period divided by the number of deaths of hospital patients (inpatients & outpatients) whose bodies were available for autopsy for the same time period. | Hospital Autopsy Rate |

The number of autopsies performed on newborns who died during a given period of time divided by the total number of newborns who died during the same period. | Newborn autopsy rate |

A situation in which the required conditions have been met to allow an autopsy to be performed on a hospital patient who has died. | Available for hospital autopsy |

A postmortem examination performed on the body of a patient who died during an inpatient hospitalization by a hospital pathologist or a physician of the medical staff who has been disignated the resonsitibility. | Hospital inpatient autopsy |

The number of inpatient autopsies conducted during a given time period divided by the total number of deaths of inpatient deaths for the same time period. | Gross autopsy rate |

The total number of autopsies on an inpatient deaths for a given period divided by the total inpatient deaths minus the unautopsied coroners' or medical examiners' cases. | Net autopsy rate |

The proportion of hospital autopsies performed following the deaths of patients whose bodies are available for autopsy. | Adjusted hospital autopsy rate |

## Section 5

Question | Answer |
---|---|

The ratio of all infections to the number of discharges, including deaths. | Infection rate |

Accessory; taking place at the same time. | Concomitant |

An infection acquired by a patient while receiving the care or services in a healtcare organization; also called a hospital-acquired infection. | Nosocomial infection |

Induced inadvertently by a physician or surgeon or by medical treatment or diagnostic procedure. | iatrogenic |

A surgical case in which no infection excisted prior to surgery. | Clean surgical case |

A graphic technique used to display frequency distributions of nominal or ordinal data that fall into categories. | Bar Graph |

Data that may be displayed by units of equal size & placed on a scale starting with zero & thus can be manipulated mathematically. | Ratio data |

An organized arrangement of data, usually in columns & rows. | Table |

A graph that visually displays the linear relationships among factors. | Scatter diagram |

A type of data (nominal, ordinal, interval, & ratio) that represent values or observations that can be sorted into a category; also called scales of measurement. | Interval data |

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