# Statistics Final Part 2

## Section 1

A program that evaluates the healthcare facility's efficiency in providing necessary care to patients in the most effective manner.Utilization Management
The sum of the days of stay of any group of inpatient discharged during a specific period of time; also called discharge days.Total length of stay
Payment groups designed for the Medicare population that recognize severity of illness resource use, and patient complexity.MS-DRG
The number of inpatient deaths that occurred during a given time period divided by the total number of inpatient discharges, including deaths, for the same time period.Gross death rate
The ratio of deaths within 10 days after surgery to the total number of operations performed during a specified period of time.Postoperative death rate
The death of a product of human conception that is fewer than 20 weeks of gestation and 500 grams or less in weight before its complete expulsion or extration from the mother.Early fetal death
An all inclusive term that refers to both stillbirths & neonatal deaths.Perinatal death
Occuring after childbirth.Postpartum
A medical condition that arises during an inpatient hospitalization.Complication
A term referring to the incidence of death in a specific population.Mortality

## Section 2

The number of newborns who died divided by the total number of newborns, both alive and dead.Newborn death rate
The total number of inpatient deaths minus the number of deaths that occurred less than 48 hours after admission for a given time period divided by the total number of inpatient discharges minus the number of deaths that occurred less than 48 hours after admission for the same time period.Net death rate
The adjusted hospital autopsy rate includes ____.Patient's whose bodies are available for hospital autopsy minus coroner's cases.
_____ the state of being diseased or the number of sick persons or cases of disease in relation to a specific population.Morbidity
A patient that delivers live triplets is credited with _____.Three births and one delivery
The financial analysis of the extent of value a major purchase will provide.Return on investment.
A plan that converts the organization's goals and objectives into targets for revenue & spending.Budget
The authentication of a computer entry in a health record made by the individual making the entry.Electronic signature.
The toal number of workers, including part time, in an area as the equivalent of full-time positions.FTEs
Any consecutive 12-month period an organization uses as its accounting period.Fiscal year

## Section 3

A financial method used to evaluate the value of a capital expenditure by calculating the time frames that must pass before inflow of cash from a project equals or exceeds outflow of cash.Payback period
A measurement of quality, utilzation & cost of medical resources provided by physicians that is made by employers, third-party payers, government entities, & other purchasers of healthcare.Profiling
A type of financial plan that allocates and controls resources to meet an organization's goals & objectives for the fiscal year. Operational budget
The average relative weight of all cases treated at a given facility, or by a given physician, which reflects the resource intensity or clinical severity of a specific group in relation to the other groups in the classification system.Case-mix index
The horizontal stretching of a frequency distribution to one side or the other so that one tail is longer than the other.Skewness
Distance or extent between possible extremes.Range
These describe a population.Descriptive statistics
The difference between each score & every other score in a frequency distribution.Variability
An extreme statistical value that falls outside the normal range.Outlier
The fourth equal part of a distribution.Quartile

## Section 4

The midpoint (center) of the distribution of values, or the point above & below which 50 percent of the values fall.Median
A measure of central tendency that is determined by calculating the arithmetic average of the observations in a frequency distribution.Mean
A measure of central tendency that consists of the most frequent observation in a frequency distribution.Mode
A characteristic or property that may take on different values.Variable
The total number of autopsies performed by a hospital pathologist for a given time period divided by the number of deaths of hospital patients (inpatients & outpatients) whose bodies were available for autopsy for the same time period.Hospital Autopsy Rate
The number of autopsies performed on newborns who died during a given period of time divided by the total number of newborns who died during the same period.Newborn autopsy rate
A situation in which the required conditions have been met to allow an autopsy to be performed on a hospital patient who has died.Available for hospital autopsy
A postmortem examination performed on the body of a patient who died during an inpatient hospitalization by a hospital pathologist or a physician of the medical staff who has been disignated the resonsitibility.Hospital inpatient autopsy
The number of inpatient autopsies conducted during a given time period divided by the total number of deaths of inpatient deaths for the same time period.Gross autopsy rate
The total number of autopsies on an inpatient deaths for a given period divided by the total inpatient deaths minus the unautopsied coroners' or medical examiners' cases.Net autopsy rate
The proportion of hospital autopsies performed following the deaths of patients whose bodies are available for autopsy.Adjusted hospital autopsy rate

## Section 5

The ratio of all infections to the number of discharges, including deaths.Infection rate
Accessory; taking place at the same time.Concomitant
An infection acquired by a patient while receiving the care or services in a healtcare organization; also called a hospital-acquired infection.Nosocomial infection
Induced inadvertently by a physician or surgeon or by medical treatment or diagnostic procedure.iatrogenic
A surgical case in which no infection excisted prior to surgery.Clean surgical case
A graphic technique used to display frequency distributions of nominal or ordinal data that fall into categories.Bar Graph
Data that may be displayed by units of equal size & placed on a scale starting with zero & thus can be manipulated mathematically.Ratio data
An organized arrangement of data, usually in columns & rows.Table
A graph that visually displays the linear relationships among factors.Scatter diagram
A type of data (nominal, ordinal, interval, & ratio) that represent values or observations that can be sorted into a category; also called scales of measurement.Interval data