SS Africa Test

aligracef's version from 2015-11-02 13:45

Section 1

Question Answer
Zulus ethnic group south africa, majority of south africa 10 million, one of the national languages
Christianitycommon from imperialism
Islamdiffused from the middle east
Indigenousnative, ethnic groups
Role of women gather firewood, carry water, care for home and children,
Polygamymultiple spouses
Diseases cholera, tuberculosis, sleeping sickness, malaria
AIDS health sector: tremendous effort on the health care system, households: causes households to fall apart because parents die, often both die and children have to go to relatives and care for themselves, childrem: lose parents, lose childhood, take on a lot of responsibility, often can't go to school bc caring for sick family, education: teachers lose jobs bc of HIV, attendance for children drops bc they are sick themselves o must care for their sick family, can't learn a bout preventing HIV,Workplace: majority of people in 20 to 40s getting HIV, can't produce as much because of sick workers, increase employees health care expenses, life expectancy decreases dramatically 20 plus years in life expectancy, child mortality becomes high economy; businesses not doing well, business paying taxes to gov, gov has less money to spend on people with cut taxes being paid, ARVS, nutrition, awareness and education, culture, and still work
Masai one million masai, number is seen as government meddling, live in kraals in a circular fashion, women make houses, supply water, collect firewood, milk cattle, and cook warriors: in charge, security, boys herd livestock elders direct and advise activities livestock is primary source of income and serves and a social utility, diet consists of meat mlk and cattle blood rice potatoes, and cabbage, lion hunting is seen as a sign of bravery and pesonal achievement, have ceremonies and rituals consistig of boys initiation and warror transitioning
Baka native tribe in Central African rain forest semi nomdic, becoming sedentary because of deforestation

Section 2

Question Answer
South Africa
Child labor
Life expectancy
Inflation rates
GDP per capita
Infant mortality r
Traditional economyA traditional economy is an original economic system in which traditions, customs, and beliefs shape the goods and the services the economy produces, as well as the rules and manner of their distribution. Countries that use this type of economic system are often rural and farm-based.
International intervention
Subsistence farming
Natural resources
Working conditions

Section 3

Question Answer
Serengeti Plain SW of Kenya, climate has barely changed in last mil years, wet seasons from december, march to may, 20 to 48 inches ainfall, highlands, kopjes, plains of volcanic ash, very hot and dry, moist rian forests 50-1000 degrees, various rivers and forests with umbrella vegetation, flat dry plains, with grazin animals, vegetation on grassland and wooldand, vast volcanoes and mountains, small shurbs and trees. lions leopards, rhinos, buffalo and elephant. night is time for predators like hyena, lions, and leopards to hunt, wildebeests , lizards, skinks, snakes, tortoises, massive fresh water crocs, more than 540 bird species, snake eagles, vultures, ostriches, sunbirds, range of herbivores, insectivores, predators, and scavengers,wildebeests wander around serengeti to fit the most suitable environments in the great migration, must pick right airlines, safari lodges or camps, and tablet malaria tablets and time and price before arriving
Great Rift Valleylong, thin valleys, most distinctive landforms, form clusters of lakes
Hydroelectric Powerused to provide and produce power in a lot of Africa
Arid Regionsdry or barren land
Desertificationexpansion of dry barren conditions
Nile River world's longest river that provides irrigation for Uganda, Sudan and Egypt
DeforestationDeforestation is the clearing of trees, transforming a forest into cleared land.
Sahel The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara Desert to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south
Plateau flat land, plateau covers most of Africa, most prominent physical feature
Kalahari The Kalahari Desert is a large semi-arid sandy savannah in southern Africa extending 900,000 square kilometres, covering much of Botswana, parts of Namibia, and South Africa
Sahara largest desert in the world
Mt. Kilimanjaro with its three volcanic cones is a dormant volcanic mountain in Tanzania

Section 4

Question Answer
Canopy the forest canopy of bushy trees that retain moisture and sunlight, holding lots of biodiversity
Tropics90% of Africa is between tropics
Rainforestcentral africa, near equator, congo river basin, limited sunlight, hot, rainy, humid, insects, birds, and reptiles
Savannagreat bodiversity large game animals, 40% of Africa, tropical grassland with few trees warm all year round , summer rainfall, serengeti park
Lake Victoria largest lake
Safari expedition to observe or hunt animals in their natural habitat
Wildlifegenerate tourism, fewer animals from deforestation, poaching, greatest assets
Natural Resourceselements from the earth used and developed by humans for economic production (tungsten, chromium, gold, silver, oil)
Cataractlarge waterfalls, poses threats to trade routes

Section 5

Question Answer
Sharpeville Massacre1960 in North East SA. peaceful protest against pass laws, police opened fire,69 killed, 180 injured, ANC was banned as a result
Apartheid separateness, legal segregation between white majority and non white majority in South Africa
Imperialismwhen a more powerful country takes control and power of another weaker country
Effects of Imperialismmissionaries created a better infrastructure (schools, health clinics, social services, churches. lost traditonal, social, economic, political and cultural structures. constituted disease, starvation, brutality, economic dependency, racism, poverty, and under developement, cultures were divided and enemies were brought together, slave trade, political fragmentation
Nelson Mandelaleader of anti-apartheid fight, 1st black SA to open a law practice , pres of ANC and led protests, was imprisoned and sentenced to death, represented those in trouble
Steve Bikoleader of Black Concious Movement, very well respected, arrested and beaten 1977, died in cell no police were charged, martyr for the cause; immortalized in movies and songs
F.W. de Klerkpres of SA 89-94. leader of nationalist party, ended ban on ANC ordered release of mandela, divided all people to vote and run for office
King Leopold II king of belgium from 1865 until his death 1909. expanded power onto the Africa through efforts to colonize belgian congo and brutally treated people there
Berlin Conferencemeeting where france, great britain, spain, portugal, italy, germany, and belgium divided Africa into 50 countries and colonized the countries they wished for,
Independence Movementsmovements in the 20th century made to depart from Britain, eventually gained independence
Economic Sanctions nonexistent trade with another country bc of disagreement
Bantublack africans
Pass Lawsrequire passbooks to enter restricted white areas

Section 6

Question Answer
Soweto Tragedy near Johannesburg 6/16/76 black students protest changes in education (to learning Afrikaans) 100s of students hurt and killed, police shot into the crowd
ANCafrican national congress, political organization to find and end apartheid, led my Mandela for many years
AfrikanersThe Dutch Africans. known as Boers or farmers. dutch were the first to colonize South Africa
Nationalistsmost popular party in Apartheid government (white afrikaners, brits)
Causes of civil warscultural conflict, natural resources, unjust rulers or leaders, lack of organization or structure, extreme poverty
Effects of civil warsdeath & injuries, refugees, devastates weak enonomies, emotional/psychological trauma, child soldiers
Rwanda Civil Warethnic conflict in 1990s, hutus vs tutsis (majority vs minority)
Angola Civil War1975-2002 conflict was based on oil and diamonds. 750,000 people died, 1 mil refugees, lots of injuries caused by land mines
Congo Civil Warconflict minerals , caused rape 5 million killings, sexual violence, mafia mines, smuggled minerals, still going on
Child Soldiers forced to work , indentured by parents, sexual violence,
Robbin Island Prisonprison that held many political prisoners, many anti-apartheid prisoners like Nelson Mandela for 27 years
Township/Homeland/Bantustan formed so that blacks africans would have no political representation, denaturalization, and far from restricted white areas, control movement of blacks
Liberia and Ethiopiaonly african nations that were able to escape colonialism