Speech Comm Test #1

rosesarered's version from 2016-09-16 17:56

Chapter 1

Question Answer
public speaking definitiona way of making your ideas public, of sharing them and of influencing other people
why do i need public speakingessential for my career development, no substitute for face-to-face communication, make a different in something you care about
tradition of public speakingin Egypt-the oldest book: 4.500 years ago, in classical Greece and Rome, notable thinkers, communication researchers, “One who forms a judgement on any point but cannot explain it, might as well never have thought on that subject at all” - Pericles


Question Answer
similarities between conversations and public speakingorganizing your thoughts logically, tailoring your message to your audience, adapting to listeners feedback
differences between conversations and public speakingPS is more highly structured, PS requires more formal language, PS requires a different method of delivery
stage frightanxiety over the prospect of giving a speech to an audience
adrenalinehormone released in response to stress
positive nervousnesscontrolled nervousness that helps energize speaker
How to develop confidence/overcome stage frightnervousness is normal, speaking experience, preparation, positive thinking, the power of visualization, most nervousness is not visible, perfection: No
critical thinkingfocused thinking about logic and evidence behind ideas distinguished from fact/opinion - reasoning, evaluating, problem solving, decision making, analyzing
Speakerthe person who initiates a speech transaction
Messagemake sure your nonverbal message does not distract from your verbal message
Channelthe most direct of all
Listenerdifferent frames of reference – must be audience-centered
FeedbackBe alert to the reactions and adjust the message accordingly.
Interferencehold your listeners’ attention despite the various kinds of interference.
Situationcertain occasions require certain kinds of speech
ethnocentrismbelief that one person's group or culture is superior
In what ways is public speaking likely to make a difference in your life?
How is public speaking similar to everyday conversation?
How is public speaking different from everyday conversation?
Why is it normal—even desirable—to be nervous at the start of a speech?
How can you control your nervousness and make it work for you in your speeches?
What are the seven elements of the speech communication process?
How do they interact to determine the success or failure of a speech?
What is ethnocentrism? Why do public speakers need to avoid ethnocentrism when addressing audiences with diverse cultural, racial, or ethnic backgrounds?

Chapter 2


Question Answer
Ethicsthe branch of philosophy that deals with issues of right and wrong in human affairs.
Ethical Decisionsweighing a potential course of action against a set of ethical standards or guidelines.
Guidelines for Ethical SpeakingMake sure your goals are ethically sound, Be fully prepared for each speech, Be honest in what you say, Avoid name-calling and other forms of abusive language, Put ethical principles into practice
Name-CallingThe use of language to defame, demean, or degrade individuals or groups.
PlagiarismPresenting another person’s language or ideas as one’s own
Types of PlagiarismGlobal plagiarism, Patchwork plagiarism, and Incremental plagiarism
Global PlagiarismStealing a speech entirely from a single source and passing it off as one’s own.
Patchwork PlagiarismStealing ideas or language from two or three sources and passing them off as one’s own.
Incremental PlagiarismFailing to give credit for particular parts of a speech that are borrowed from other people.
Plagiarism and the InternetCite sources when using Internet materials, Take careful research notes
Guidelines for Ethical ListeningBe courteous and attentive, Avoid prejudging the speaker, Maintain the free and open expression of ideas

Chapter 4

Chapter 5


Question Answer
BrainstormingGenerating ideas by free association of words
General PurposeBroad goal of speech
Specific PurposeSingle infinitive phrase, States what speaker hopes to accomplish
Specific Purpose GuidelinesFull infinitive phrase, Statement, not question, Avoid figurative language, Limit to one distinct idea, Avoid being vague
Central IdeaOne-sentence statement, Encapsulate major ideas of speech
Central Idea GuidelinesExpress as full sentence, Don’t express as question, Avoid figurative language, Don’t be vague