Specialties and pathology of the male reproductive system

tigrebright's version from 2015-11-12 22:44

Section 1

Question Answer
urologistphysician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the genitourinary system of males and the urinary system of females
genitourinaryrefers to both the genital and urinary organs
balanitisinflammation of the glans penis that is usually caused caused by poor hygiene in men who have not been circumcised
phimosisa narrowing of the opening of the foreskin st it cannot be retracted to expose the glans penis
erectile dysfuntionimpotence; the inability of the male to achieve or maintain a penile erection
Peyronie's diseasepenile curvature; a form of sexual dysfunction in which the penis is bent or curved during erection
priapisma painful erection that lasts 4 hours or more but is either not accompanied by sexual excitement or does not go away after sexual stimulation has ended; can be caused by medication or blood-related diseases
premature ejaculationa condition in which the male reaches climax too soon

Section 2

Question Answer
andropausemarked by the decrease of the male hormone testosterone, progressing very gradually over several decades
androgena male sex hormone
cryptorchildismundescended testicle; a developmental defect in which one or both of the testicles fail to descend into their normal position in the scrotum
epididymitisinflammation of the epididymus that is frequently caused by the spread of infection from the urethra or the bladder
hydrocelea fluid-filled sac in the scrotum along the spermatic cord leading from the testicles
spermatocelea cyst that develops in the epididymis and is filled with a milky fluid containing sperm
testicular cancera cancer that begins in the testicles; highly treatable when diagnosed early
testicular torsionsharp pain in the scrotum caused by twisting of the vas dejerens and blood vessels leading into the testicle
testitisorchitis; inflammation of one or both testicles

Section 3

Question Answer
normal sperm count20 to 120 million or more sperm per milliliter of semen
azoospermiathe absence of sperm in the semen
oligospermiaa sperm count of below 20 million/ml.
hematospermiathe presence of blood in the seminal fluid; can be caused by infections of th seminal vesicles, prostatis, urethritis or urethral strictures