Specialised cells

pmuponda's version from 2017-04-06 19:49


Question Answer
Leaf cell Absorbs light energy for photosynthes Packed with chloroplasts. Regular shaped, closely packed cells form a continuous layer for efficient absorption of sunlight.
Root hair cell .Absorbs water and mineral ions from the soil Long 'finger-like' process with very thin wall, which gives a large surface area
Sperm cell .Fertilises an egg cell - female gamete The head contains genetic information and an enzyme to help penetrate the egg cell membrane. The middle section is packed with mitochondria for energy. The tail moves the sperm to the egg
Red blood cells Contain haemoglobin to carry oxygen to the cells. Thin outer membrane to let oxygen diffuse through easily. Shape increases the surface area to allow more oxygen to be absorbed efficiently. No nucleus, so the whole cell is full of haemoglobin.