Special Latin Verbs

leisulin's version from 2015-07-22 16:29


Different classes of important verbs

Impersonal Verbs and their usage (from M&F pg. 267 and BA pg.39)

Question Answer
libet, libēre, libuitit pleases
licet, licēre, licuitit is permitted
oportet, oportēre, oportuitit is necessary/proper/one's duty
miseret, miserēre, miseruitit pities, moves to pity
piget, pigēre, piguitit grieves/disgusts/causes annoyance/bugs
taedet, taedēre, taeduitit bores/wearies
paenitet, paenitēre, paenituitit repents, causes regret
pudet, pudēre, puduitit shames
necesse estit is necessary
manifēstum estit is plain
cōnstatit is agreed
appāretit is evident
interest and rēfertit concerns, it is of interest, it is in the interest of

With accusative and infinitive


Question Answer
Oportet mē abīreit is proper for me to go away
Necesse est mē abīreit is necessary for me to go away
Licet mē abīreit is permitted for me to go away

With dative and infinitive


Question Answer
Necesse est mihi abīreit is necessary for me to go away
Licet mihi abīreit is permitted for me to go away

With subjunctive clause


Question Answer
Necesse est ut abeamit is necessary for me to go away
Licet ut abeamit is permitted for me to go away

With objective genitive and accusative (miseret, piget, taedet, paenitet, pudet)


Question Answer
Miseret mē dolōrisit pities me of his grief, i.e. I pity his grief

Verbs which are followed by a future infinitive in oratio obliqua (BA42)


Question Answer
spērōto hope, hope for, anticipate (something bad)
prōmittōto promise (more formal, esp. in reply to an offer or challenge)
polliceor, -ēri, pollicitus sumto make a voluntary promise
iūrō (1)to swear, take an oath
minor (1)jut forth, threaten

Verbs of commanding, allowing, and forbidding that take the infinitive (BA44)


Question Answer
iubeō, -ēre, iussī, iussus sumto order or command (+ inf. with subject accusative)
sinō, -ere, sīvī, situmto let, allow, permit
patior, patī, passusto suffer, endure, allow
vetō, -āre, vetuī, vetitusforbid
prohibeō, -ēre, -uī, -itusprohibit

These verbs take an infinitive but only if the subject is different from that of the main verb


Question Answer
nōlōdon't wish
cupiō, -ere, -īvī, -ītumdesire, long for, wish for

Other verbs meaning desire


Question Answer
concupiscō, -ere, -īvī, -ītumdesire eagerly, covet
optō (1)desire, wish for, ask for, choose
desīderō (1)to desire in the sense of to feel something to be lacking
petō, -ere, -īvī, -ītusseek, ask for (used with ā + ablative), et al.

Clauses of prevention (that take a subjunctive clause) (M&F280)


Question Answer
dēterreō, -ēre, -uī, -itusdeter, prevent
impediō, -īre, -īvī, -ītusprevent, impede
obstō, -āre, -stitī, -stātushinder, stand in the way of

Verbs which have as their object the infinitive of another verb (BA45)

Possibility or impossibility


Question Answer
possumbe able to
nequeō, -īre, -īvībe unable to

Duty or habit


Question Answer
dēbeōto owe, to ought to
soleō, -ēre, solitusbe accustomed, customary
assuēscō, -ere, -ēvī, -ētumto be wont, to be accustomed to
consuēscō, -ere, -ēvī, -ētumesp. in perfect consuēvī, to be accustomed to

Wish, purpose, daring, endeavor (volo, nolo, malo, cupio, opto), and...


Question Answer
statuō, -uere, -uī, -ūtumdecide on a course of action
cōnstituōdecide on a course of action, determine to + inf., et al.
audeō, -ēre, aususto dare to
cōnor (1)try, attempt

Beginning, ceasing, continuing


Question Answer
coepī, coepisse, coeptusbegan
dēsinō, -ere, dēsiīstop, cease
dēsistōstop, desist
pergō, -ere, perrexī, perrectumcontinue, proceed, go on with anything
persevērō (1)persist, persevere, continue

Hastening, hesitating


Question Answer
festīnō (1)hasten to, hurry to
properō (1)hasten to, hurry to
mātūrō (1)lit. to make ripe, to ripen, to anticipate, to do too soon; hasten, make haste
dubitōto hesitate

Learning, knowing how


Question Answer
discōto learn
doceōto teach
sciōto know how to...

He said your brother was a man of kindly heart, and abounded in wealth and resources; and he was sure that he would never desert his friends, nor wish such a blow to be inflicted on his own relations.

Fratrem tuum humanissimō hominem ingeniō esse et divitiīs opibusque abundāre dixit, et pro certō se habere neque amicīs eum umquam dēfuturum esse neque tantā calamitate propinquōs suōs afficī velle.


Question Answer
dēsumto fail, be wanting


Question Answer
relinquōabandon, in a neutral and general sense of "leaving behind"
dēserōquit a place or person where or with whom duty bids one to stay
dēstituōleave in the lurch one who without me will be unaided
dēsumfail to be present where my presence is desirable or right
dēficiō(with ab or, when the subject is not a person, with the accusative) "I fail" or "fall off from" those whom I have hitherto stood by