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Sol Y Viento Leccion 7a

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Updated 2009-05-26 22:05

Primera Parte Describing Emotions

Vocabulario
Talking about Feelings and Mental Conditions. Estoy tenso. I am tense/stressed.
Emociones y condiciones

 

SpanishEnglish
alegre, contento/ahappy
avergonzado/aembarrassed
cansado/atired
confundido/aconfused
enamorado/a dein love with
enojado/aangry
frustrado/afrustrated
furioso/afurious
irritado/airritated
nervioso/anervious
perplejo/aperplexed
preocupado/aworried
relajado/arelaxed
tristesad
afectarto affect
alegrarto make happy
cansarto tire
confundirto confuse
enojarto anger
frustrarto frustrate
irritarto irritate
molestarto bother
ofenderto offend
preocuparto worry
reaccionarto react
estar celoso/ato be jealous
llorarto cry
reirseto laugh
tener envidia a alguiento be envious of someone
tener miedoto be afraid
tener sueñoto be sleepy
tomarse algo muy a pechoto take something to heart
memorize

Gramática

Talking about reactions and changes of emotion
¿Cómo se siente? How are you feeling?
Pseudo-reflexive verbs
These verbs are used to reflect a change in emotion. To get or to become + a state or condition.

 

SpanishEnglish
Juan se vioJohn saw himself
Juan se enojóJohn got angry
Me hablo constantementeI talk to myself constantly
Me ofendo facilmenteI get offended easily
aburrirseto get bored
alegrarseto become happy
cansarseto get tired
confundirseto become confused
deprimirseto get depressed
frustrarseto get frustrated
irritarseto get irritated
ofenderseto get offended
preocuparseto become worried
sentirse (ie, i)to feel
memorize

Ponerse or actuar also expresse a change in emotion or a state or condition but in a more temporary sense. Volverse is used to express a more permanent type of change, one that is often but not always sudden. Used with adjectives like loco/a (crazy). Hacerse is used to express changes such as getting rich, becoming famous, etc. The subject directly causes the action or change in state.

SpanishEnglish
Me puse muy enojadoI got (became) angry
Marta se puso frustradaMarta got (became) frustrated
El señor se volvió locoThe man went crazy
Se puso furiosoHe went nuts
Actuó de una manera locaHe was (acting) crazy
Se hizo millonarioHe became a millionaire
memorize

Segunda parte Talking about health

Estoy un poco enfermo. I am a little sick. Parts of the body and physical health.
Las partes del cuerpo. Parts of the body.
SpanishEnglish
el cuelloneck
el brazoarm
el codoelbow
la manohand
los dedos (del pie)fingers (toes)
el hombroshoulder
la espaldaback
la piernaleg
el piefoot
la cabezahead
el pechochest
la rodillaknee
los dedos del pietoes
el corazónheart
el estómagostomach
el higadoliver
el huesobone
el organo internointernal organ
el pulmónlung
memorize

La cabeza y la cara. The head and face.

 

SpanishEnglish
la orejaears
la nariznose
la bocamouth
el mentónchin
la gargantathroat
los ojoseyes
la mejillacheek
los dientesteeth
la cabezahead
la caraface
el cerebrobrain
memorize

la salud y el estado físico. Health and physical state.

SpanishEnglish
cortar(se)to cut (oneself)
enfermarseto get sick
estar (irreg.) enfermo/at be sick
hacer (irreg.) gárgarasto gargle
lastimar(se)to hurt oneself
romper(se)to break
tener (irreg.) fiebre (f.)to have a fever
tener (irregl) la nariz tapadato have a stuffed up nose
tener (irregl) un resfriadoto have a cold
la aspirinaaspirin
el huesobone
la medicinamedicine
doler (ue)to hurt, ache
padecer (zc) deto suffer from
poner(le) (irregl) una inyección (a alquien)to give (someone) a shot
respirarto breathe
romper(se)to break
sacar (qu) la lenguato stick out one's tongue
sacar(le) (qu) sangre (a alguien)to draw (someone's) blood
tener (irreg.) fiebreto have a fever
tomar(le) la temperatura (a alguien)to take a (someone's) temperature
el consultorio (del médico)doctor's office
el/la enfermero/anurse
el/la médico/adoctor
la pastillapill
la presión arterialblood pressure
la recetaprescription
examinartest
la alergíaallergy
la aspirinaasprin
el examen médicomedical exam
el/la farmacéutico/apharmacist
la medicinamedicine
el/la pacientepatient
los rayos XX-rays
la farmaciapharmacy
memorize

Gramática More on Talking about States Being in the Past

Review of the Imperfect. Estaban contentos, ¿no? They were contented, yes?
Imperfect is used to talk about repeated actions in the past. It is also used to express any action, state of being, or condition that was in progress at a particular point in the past. The use of the preterite with states of being implies one of two things: (1) the state is viewed as completed at a particular point in time; or (2) the state is viewed as just beginning at that point in time.

 

SpanishEnglish
No me presenté porque estaba enfermaI didn't show up because I was sick
Tenía un fiebre y tenía la nariz tapadaI had a fever and I had a stuffed up nose
conocerto know, be familiar with (someone or something)
hacer buen / mal tiempoto be good / bad weather
parecerto seem, resemble
poderto be able to, can
quedarto stay, remain
saberto know (facts, information)
tenerto have
verseto appear to be, look
Estuve enferma por una semana enteraI was sick for a whole week
No me pareció tan graveIt didn't seem that serious to me
Por fin conocí al médicoI finally met the doctor
memorize

Tercera Parte Vocabulario

Telling the Doctor How You Feel. Me duele la garganta. My throat hurts.

 

In the Doctor's Office
Algunos órganos internos importantes. Some important internal organs.
SpanishEnglish
el cerebrobrain
el corazónheart
el estómagostomach
el hígadoliver
el pulmónlung
en el consultorio del médicoin the doctor's office
examinarto examine; to test
poner(le) (irregl) una inyección (a alguien)to give (someone) a shot
respirarto breathe
sacar (qu) la lenguato stick out one's tongue
sacar(le) (qu) sangre (a alguien)to draw (someone's ) blood
tomar(le) la temperatura (a alguien)to take a (someone's) temperature
la alergiaallergy
el/la enfermero/a nurse
el examen médico/acheckup; medical examination
el/la médico/adoctor
el/la pacientepatient
la pastillapill
la presión arterialblood pressure
los rayos XX-rays
la recetaprescription
doler (ue)to hurt, ache
Me duele la cabezamy head hurts
padecer (zc) deto suffer from
el/la farmacéutico/apharmacist
la farmaciapharmacy
memorize

Gramática Hacer in Expressions of Time

Talking About When Something Happened.
Hace dos años que se me rompió el brazo. I broke my arm two years ago.
In the present and imperfect, "hace" and "hacía" are used to espress "for" if the sentence is affirmative. The meaning changes to "since" if the sentence is negative. "Que" is typically used. "Hace" in the present = a present tense verb. "Hacia" in the imperfect = an imperfect tense verb. In the preterite, only "hace" is used and the meaning becomes "ago". If the "que" is used in the preterite, the "hace"phrase appears before the verb; if the "que" is not used in the preterite, the "hace" phrase comes after the verb. "Hace" in the preterite = a preterite tense verb.

 

SpanishEnglish
Hace mucho tiempo que vivo en ChicagoI've lived in Chicago for a long time
Hace más de un año que no veo al médicoIt's been over a year since I've seen the doctor
Me enfermé hace unos díasI got sick a few days ago (w/o "que")
Hace unos días que me enferméI got sick a few days ago
Hacía varios meses que trabajaba en la novelaI'd been working on the novel for several months
Hacía unos meses que no veía a RomónIt had been several months since I saw Ramón
memorize