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Soft tissue

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quickster2008's version from 2015-06-03 07:26

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Question Answer
describe primary and secondary edemaprimary edema is caused by congenital abnormality (in the development of the lymph system, secondary is caused by something that is obstructing lymph system
boehlers triangleANTERIOR BORDER OF TENDO ACHILLES((posterior aspect of triangle) POSTERIOR SUPERIOR BORDER OF CALCANEUS(floor) POSTERIOR BORDER OF FLEX. HAL. LONGUS (ant border)
what does not cause sullivan sign?biomechanical abnormality
dif btw calcification and ossificationcalcification-DISORGANIZED INCREASE IN DENSITY. OSSIFICATION-organization into trabecular patterns
LESIONAL DENSITIES (BLACK TO WHITE)air(emphysema)-fat(fat pad)-water(muscle, ligament, tendon)-intermediate density(atrophied or dz m) calcific density(not organized)-bone(organized)-metal(most white)
Factors that cause incr in ST contouredema(makes it more dense)
associated with thickening of heel padacromegally, edema, obesity, infection of ST, thyroid acropachy, myxedema, dilantin(seizure), normal variant, generalized edema
factor that cause dear in ST densityemphysema(air bubbles on xray
5 types of metastatic calcificationhyperparathyroidism, vitaminosis D, renal osteodystrophy, sarcoidosis, metastatic cancer
metastatic vs dystrophic calcificationmet-disturbance in calcium or phosphorus metabolism, dystrophic-calcium deposits in damaged tissue WITHOUT generalized metabolic derangement
calcinosisdeposits of calcium in normal tissue with normal metabolism, import to know ossification does not occur
thibierge weissenback syndromecalcinosis +scleroderma
DEPOSITS OF CALCIUM IN SKIN, SUBCUTANEUS TISSUE AND CONNECTIVE TISSUE IN THE PRESENCE OF NORMAL METABOLISM.calcinosis
calcinosis seen in what 3 disordersSEEN IN R.A., SLE, AND ACRODERMATITIS ATROPHICANS (autoimmune)
MYOSITIS OSSIFICANS is associated with what 2 thingstrauma and neuro problems LACY pattern of bone formation
how do u myositis ossificans apart from osteosarcoma***No periosteal reaction seen (this is seen with osteosarcomas so this is important to tell them apart)
crush injury to left foot shows trabecualtionmyositis ossificans
not associated with myositis ossifican neurological marked perisoteal respons
pt with acromegally hasthickening of heel pad
39 yoa female with marked swelling – noticed swelling as a teenager primary obstructive edema
67 year old male, swelling following radiation secondary obstructive edema
Fibrodysplasia Ossificans Progressivaanother name for myositis ossificans
myositis ossificans neurologica and discuss the relationship between the level of neurological damage and the presentation of soft tissue changes.Rapid ossification developing BELOW level of neurological lesion, caused by brain and spinal cord issues such as caudal equine
memorize