Sociology of Funeral Service

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Section 1

Question Answer
adaptive funeral ritefuneral rite that is adjusted to the needs and wants of those directly involved; one, which has been altered to suit the trends of time
agragariandealing with agriculture, farm based. Locale of the extended (joint) family system
anonymity situation in which a persons or entity is unknown
blended familyhousehold or family unit created by one male and one female and the children from previous marriages and may include children from the present marriage
bureaucratizationthe creation of a system which governs through departments and subdivisions managed by sets of officials following an inflexible routine

Section 2

Question Answer
ceremony (ritual)an instrumental action dealing with death, that is also expressional and that may or may not be charged with symbolic content expressing, among other things, the attitudes of the participants and possible onlookers (passive participants) who may be regarded as co-beneficiaries
classsocial grouping in which members possess roughly equivalent culturally valued attributes
cohabitantstwo unrelated adults of the opposite sex sharing the same living quarters
contemporaryliving or happening in the same period
cultural relativismthe emotional attitude that all cultures are equal and pertinent

Section 3

Question Answer
cultural universallike abstract patterns of and for living and dying, which are identifiable in all cultures
cultureconsists of abstract patterns (the rules, ideas, beliefs shared by members of society) of and for living and dying, which are learned directly and indirectly
customssocial behavior as dictated by the tradition of people
demographicpertaining to demography; the science of vital statistics,or of births, deaths, marriages
direct learningthe acquiring of the culture b ya person thorugh deliberate instruction by other members of that society

Section 4

Question Answer
egalitarianmale and female have equal rights, duties, and governing power
enculturation (socialization)method by which the social values are internalized (learned)
ethnicany of the basis divisions of groups of humankind distinguished by customs, characteristics and languages, rather than physical characteristics of a race
non-traditional funeral ritea funeral rite that deviates from the noraml or prescribed circumstances of established custom
nuclear familyhousehold or family unit consisting of one man and one woman married to eac hother and their family, if any

Section 5

Question Answer
patriarchialfather rules the family, power is passed to the oldest male child
pre-literate societyculture developed before the invention of writing; hence, leaving no written record
religionculturally enriched pattern of behavior made up of: sacred beliefs, emotional feelings, overt conduct implementing beliefs and family
riteany event performed in a solemn and prescribed manner
rites of passageceremonies centering around transition in life from one status to another (baptism, marriage, funeral)

Section 6

Question Answer
rulesspecified methods of procedure
single parent familyhousehold or family unit consisting of one adult, either male or female, and his/her children
social/societygroup of persons forming a single community with some interests in common
social functionan event that allows those who have something in common with each other to deal with one another in regard to that which they share
social mobilitythe upward or downward movement of a person or family within the social classes of their society

Section 7

Question Answer
social stratificationcategorization of people by money, prestige, and power; a ranking of social status (position) in groups such as upper, middle, and lower class
societygroup of persons forming a single community with some interests in common
sociologythe science of social groups; the processes that tend to maintain or change these forms of organizations and the relations between groups and individuals
subculturea division, or smaller identifiable unit of culture, connected to that culture by common traits, having unique traits to itself