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Sociology Culture

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mesoraxi's version from 2016-11-03 00:35

Section

Question Answer
CultureValues, beliefs, behavior and material objects that together form a peoples way of life
High CultureCultural patterns that distinguish a societies elite
Material CulturePhysical things created by members of society
Non material CultureIdeas created by members of society
Sociobiologytheory that human biology affects how we create culture
afrocentrismpromoting African culture patterns
technologyknowledge people use to make a way of life in their surroudings
subculturecultural patterns that set apart some segments of mainstream society
counterculturecultural patterns that strongly oppose those of mainstream society
symbolanything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people
valuesculturally defined standards that serve as broad guidelines for social living
normsrules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members
moresnorms that are widely observed and have great moral significance
folkwaysnorms for causal interaction
cultural lagfact that cultural elements change, more quickly than others, disrupting a cultural system
multiculturalismperspective recognizing the cultural diversity of the US and promoting equal standard for all cultural traditions
eurocentrismdominance of European cultural patterns
cultural transmissionprocess by which one generation passes culture to the next
languagesystem of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another
sapir whorf thesispeople see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language
cultural universalstraits that are part of every known culture
beliefsthoughts or ideas that people hold to be true
culture shockpersonal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of life
cultural integrationclose relationships among various elements of a culture system
cultural relativismpractice of judging a culture by its own standards
social controlattempts by society to regulate peoples thoughts and behavior
ethnocentrusmpractice of judging another culture by the standards of ones own culture
popular culturecultural patterns that are widespread among a societys population
memorize