Sociology Ch 3

noelclarks's version from 2015-09-24 00:20

Section 1

Question Answer
Socialization lifelong social experience by which people develop their human potential
Charles Darwin theory led people to believehuma behavior was instinctive
Behaviorism behavior learned/not instinctive
Sociological perspective favor nuture more than nature
Harlow's monkeys result six monthes of no social interaction causes irreversible emotional/behavioral damage
Freud Psychoanalysis 2 Basic Human needs: eros=life instinct, thantos=death instinct
Evaluation of Freuds Theory devalue women, difficult to test scientifically

Section 2

Question Answer
Jean Piaget studied studied human cognition
Jean Piaget Cognitive Development Stage 1 Sensorimotor Stage
Jean Piaget Cognitive Development Stage 2 Preoperational Stage (language/imagination)
Jean Piaget Cog Dev Stage 3 Concrete Operational Stage (casual connections in surroundings)
Jean Piaget Cog Dev Stage 4 Formal Operational Stage (think abstractly/critically

Section 3

Question Answer
Lawrence Kohlbergs Theory of Moral Development built on Piagets work to study moral reasoning
Kohlbergs 1st Stage of Moral Development Preconventional: young children expericnce world as pleasure of pain
Kohlbergs 2nd Stage of Moral Development Conventional: teens learn to define right/wrong of what pleases parents and social norm
Kohlbergs 3rd Stage of Moral Development Postconventional: people move beyond society's norms and begin to consider abstract ethical principles
Kohlberg/Piaget Evaluation many people don't reach final stage
Thomas Theoremsituations that are defined as real are real in their consequences

Section 4

Question Answer
Carol Gilligan's Theory of Gender/Moral Development compared moral development of boys and girls. boys=justice/girls=care-responsibility
George Herbert Mead Social Behaivorism(explains how social expericene develops an individuals personality
Mead: self product of social experience
Cooley: Looking-Glass Self 2 sides of self: I and me
Cooley self image based on how we think others see us

Section 5

Question Answer
Conservative critics on tv film industry dominated by a liberal cultural elite that exposes political corrections
Liberal critics on tv racial/ethnic minorities been excluded and stereotyped throughout tv history
Kubler Ross Stages of Dying denial, anger, negotiation, reignition/acceptance
Resocialization Total Institutions People are isolated and staff supervises all daily life activities
Social Construction of Realityinvolves process by which people shape reality through social interaction

Section 6

Question Answer
social interactionprocess by which people act/react in reaction to others
statussocial position a person holds
status set is all the statuses a person holds at a given time
Ascribed Statusrecieved at birth/involuntary
Achieved Statusvoluntary positions that reflect a persons ability/effort
Master Statusinvolves special importance for social identity/shapes a persons life
Roles set : roles attached to a single status
Question Answer
Role Conflictinvolves roles connected to two+ statuses
Role Straininvolves roles connected to a single status

Section 7

Question Answer
Ethnomethdology study of way people make sense of their everyday surroundings/investigates assumptions by breaking the rules
Goffmans Presentation of Self(Dramaturgical Analysis)study of social interaction in terms of theatrical performance/presentation of self is used to create specific impressions in the minds of others
Idealization performance constructed to idealize our intentions
Goffman shows that behavior is patterend not really spontaneous
Cultural side of emotions by Ekman cukture defines what triggers emotion
Emtions on job by Hahschild company regulates emotion
Three types of leaders Authoritarian, Laisses Faire/ Democratic