Sociology 6-9

noelclarks's version from 2015-10-22 02:01

Section 1

Question Answer
Transgender not a sexual oreintation
RAINN statisticscollege women 4 time more likely to be raped. 60% sexual assaults unreported
Structural Functional Analysisregulation of sexual behaivor, helps us see imporatant part sexuality plays in organizational crime
Symbolic Interaction vary form culture, broader social structure may be missed
social conflict/feminismshows how sexuality reflects patterns of social inequality, shows sexuality both cause/effect of inequality/suggets many people don't see it as a power issue

Section 2

Question Answer
Deviance recognized violation of cultural norms
informal social controlteachers/parents/peers
formal social controlcriminal justice sysytem
organization of society influencesdefinition of a deviant, who is it, what is done about it
Personality factors of deviance unsuccessful socialization, abnormality of an individual the focus
Social foundation of deviancevaries according to culutral norms, no thought or action inherently deviant, people define them as such so they become one, involve social power

Section 3

Question Answer
Durkheim Structual Functional Theoriesaffirms cultural norms, responding to deviance brings people together, encourages social change
Merton's Strain Theory type of deviance depends on whether a soceity provides the means to achieve cultural goals
Strain Theory: Conformityconnventional goals through normal means
Strain Theory: Innovationunconventional menas to achieve approved goals(drug dealing,stealing/robbing)
Strain Theory: Ritualismaccept institutional means/reject goal(blue collar worker)

Section 4

Question Answer
Strain Thoery: Retreatismreject both means/goals(drop out)
Strain Theory: Rebellionreject means/goals/make up new ones.counterculture
Strain Theory: Gnagshelp people gain a sense of belonging
Strain Theory Evalation not everyone comes together,not every rebel labeled as deviant
Labeling Theory: Symbolic Interaction deviance result of how people respond to actions of others
Labeling: Primary Deviancenorm violations that most people take part in with little harm to self concious

Section 5

Question Answer
Labeling: Seconary Deviancewhen people make something of deviant behaivor/person takes on deviant personality
Labeling: StigmaPowerful negative label that greatly changes a person's self concept/social identity
Labeling:Retrospectve Labelingre interpreting someones past in light of present deviance
Projective LabelingPredicts future deviant behaivor
Labeling: Medicalization of Deviancetransform moral/legal deviance into a medical condition
Sutherland's Differential Associationdeviant behaivor learned in groups

Section 6

Question Answer
Sutherland's belief on development of devianceamount of contact w/t others who encourage or reject conventional behavior
Hirschi Attachmentstrong social attachment encourages conformity
Hisrichi OpportunityGreater the access to legislative opportunity the greater advantage of conformity
Hirschi Involvementextensive involvement in legislative activites inhibits deviance
Hisrschi Beliefstrong belief in conventional morality/respect for authority controls deviance
Hisrcchi Evaluationmost usefully applied to less serious issues, doesn't show whether deviant labeling produces or discourages deviance

Section 7

Question Answer
Social Conflict Theorynorms/laws reflect interests of the powerful who can resist deviant labels/ white collar/corporate/organized/hate crime
Social Conflict Feministdif standards used to judge women deviance behavior/more normal expectations
Actus Reas Crimeact itself
Mens Rea Crimecriminal intent
Criminal Index doesn'tinclude things from drunk driving to white collar workers

Section 8

Question Answer
Justificantion for Punishment-Deferrenceattempt to discourage criminality through the use of punishment
Justification for Punishment-Rehabilitationa program for reforming the offender to prevent later offenses
Community Based Corrections-Parolingreleasing inmates form prison to serve remainder of sentence in community
Community Baed Corrections-Probationpolicy permitting commited offender to remain in community under conditions by court
Comminity Based Corrections-Stock ProbationJudge orders convicted offender to prison for a short time then suspends remainder of sentence

Section 9

Question Answer
Relative PovertyLack of resources that others take for granted/exists in evry society
Absolute PovertyA life threatening lack of resources
Chattel SlaveryOne person owns another
Child SlaveryMore common form of bondage
Debt BondageEmployees hold workers to pay debts
Human TraffickingPeople lured to a new country w/t promise of a job but get forced to prostitusion or sweatshop work

Section 10

Question Answer
Modernization TheoryModel of economic/soial development that explains global inequality in terms of technological dif b/t nations
Role of Rich gov in Global Economic Developmentincreasing food production/controlling pop
Social StratificationSystem by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy,involves beliefs/inequality
Class Systembased on birth/achievement
MeritocracySocial stratification based on personal merit
Status ConsistencyDegree of uniformity in a persons social standing across various demensions of social inequality

Section 11

Question Answer
IdeologyCultural beliefs that justify particular social arrangements/patterns of poverty
PlatoEvery culture considers some type of inequality just
MarxCapitalist society keeps wealth/power for few
SpencerSurvival of the fittest
Davis Moore ThesisGreater importance of a position, more rewards a society attaches to it, egalitarian societies offer little incentive for people to try their best
Davis Moore Thesis EvaluationIgnores how the caste elements of social stratification can prevent the development of individual talent, society that places a lot of importance on money overestimates the importance of high paying work

Section 12

Question Answer
Max Weber on InequalitySocial stratification causes 3 levels of inequality
Max Weber levelsClass, Status/Power
Socio-economic StatusComposite ranking based on various dimensions of social inequality
Evaluation of Social ConflictInfliuence sociological thinking,
Symbollic Interaction TheoryDif in social class position can affect interaction
Conspicuous Consumptioninvolve buying/using products that make a statement

Section 13

Question Answer
Higher class in US society on Politicsconservative on economic issues/liberal on social issues
Lower class in US society on PoliticsLiberal on economic issues/more conservative on social issues
Downward Social MobilityDivorce or losing job
US Social Mobilityupward trend, intergenerational mobility small, earning gap between men/women exist

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