Sociology 2

xojacezu's version from 2016-05-02 13:52


Question Answer
cognitive dissonanceinternal conflict that occurs when someones beliefs are challenged by new information
racecategory of people thought to be biologically simiiar
race and colonizationthe act of setting up a colony away from one's place of origin.
racismbelief that one raial group is superior to others, or one group is inferior
discriminationdenial of service to certain races or intential denial of service
affirmitive actionan action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination.
construction of racehow people identify themselves as a race
jim crow lawsstate and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States. Enacted after the Reconstruction period, these laws continued in force until 1965.
labor unionsan organized association of workers, often in a trade or profession, formed to protect and further their rights and interests.
social classa division of a society based on social and economic status.
class inequalitythe diference between social classes based on your economic position
intergrative theoryattractive to those at the top of the heirarchy,justify high status
exploitive theoryattractive to those at the bottom, power and status not there fault. imposed on them unfairly
income and wealth inequalities he extent to which income is distributed in an uneven manner among a population
gini index a measurement of the income distribution of a country's residents. This number, which ranges between 0 and 1 and is based on residents' net income
marx viewslabor is sold, you can be replaced. not about most possesions but relations of domination
durkheim viewsonly some have skills to do certain tasks, social stability necessary, certain roles need to be filled
neoliberalismmodern political economic theory, focuses on free trade and private business
class mobilityThe ability of individuals or groups to move upward or downward in status based on wealth, occupation, education, or some other social variable
culture industrypeople who sell products, influence people to buy things
evolutionary model of social changesociety moves in specific directions. Therefore, early social evolutionists saw society as progressing to higher and higher levels. As a result, they concluded that their own cultural attitudes and behaviors were more advanced than those of earlier societies.
social movementsa type of group action. They are large, sometimes informal, groupings of individuals or organizations which focus on specific political or social issues.
globalizationincreasing interconnectedness of people,places and activities around the globe
alienationproducers never met consumers, dont care about product they make
gender creationsociety and culture create gender roles, described as appropriate behavior for a person of the gender
ethnicitythe fact or state of belonging to a social group that has a common national or cultural tradition.
american indian mascotportraying natives negatively
whitwe priveledgea set of advantages and/or immunities that white people benefit from on a daily basis beyond those common to all others.
blue collarmanuel labor, may earn more money than higher class
white collaroffice work, attire type of work
gold collardecision makers,CEOs, market executives. the 1%
occupy wall streetthe name given to a protest movement that began on September 17, 2011, in Zuccotti Park, located in New York City's Wall Street financial district
gender inequalityunequal treatment or perceptions of individuals based on their gender.
delocalizationcompanies send factories to low income regions, outsourcing cheaper labor
3 elements or world system modelsingle capitalist world economy, a system of multiple states,3 tier hierarchy