Sociolinguistics - Network theory

ness37's version from 2018-04-25 15:11


Question Answer
Social networksA small group of individuals who each have their own set of overlapping networks (e.g. home, work, leisure)
3 types of networksHigh density, low density and multiplex
High density High number of links between individuals
Low densityNo one knows each other except for you
MultiplexDifferent connections between you and another (relative and work mate)
MilroyQuantified network density by defining the social features that constitute a multiplex link = network strength scale (0= unintegrated, 5= integrated)
Milroy and Milroy's Belfast studyStudied 3 working class areas in Belfast - Ballymacarrett (low male unemployment, close male groups, women worked outside area) Hammar and Clonard (high male unemployment)
Milroy and Milroy's Belfast study resultsThey found 8 linguistic variables, Ballymacarrett men had more local vernacular realisations, belong to high density networks which reinforce norms and maintain the vernacular
Cheshire's Reading studyCategorised a network integration index (e.g. carrying weapons, clothing style, job aspirations, swearing etc) and recognised 3 network groups - core, secondary and periphery
Cheshire's Reading study resultsFound differences in grammatical variables - core group used non-standard 'what' (instead of who), non-standard 's' and non-standard 'never' most frequently = marked degree of allegiance to vernacular culture
Social network + social classBoth the Milroy's argue that the two sociolingustic models are compatible.
Network markers for Belfast study /a/ backing (common within male working class) and /3/ raising (common within female middle class)

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