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Sociolinguistics - Language variation + age

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ness37's version from 2018-05-01 13:43

Section

Question Answer
AgeRarely researched in Sociolinguistics (unlike gender, ethnicity and social class)
Formative timesChildhood, Adolescents and young adulthood
Generation gapPeers influence language behaviour much more than parents and other adults do
Approaches to studying language variation in age changeLongitudinal (one participant over time) and cross-sectional (different people of various ages)
Age gradingDemonstrates differences in speech habits within a community associated with age (e.g. zee vs zed)
Principle of transmissionAt some point during socialisation, children learn that variants favoured in informal speech are associated with lower social status (e.g. Glasgow 10 year old use glottal stops until 15 years old)
Labov (1)Martha's Vineyard study
Martha's Vineyard studyMiddle aged island residents would centralise the diphthongs more if trying to convey allegiance to the island/signal identification. Older and younger generation centralised their diphthongs less.
Vowel centralisationRelates to age, geography, occupation, attitude and social history
Labov (2)Language variation in age groups
0-4 yearsParent's influence basic grammar acquisition
4-13 yearsSpeech dominated by peers, acquisition of vernacular
First years of secondary schoolGroup norms are established, aware of social significance of speech
14-15 yearsPeriod of social perception, under the influence of adults
LaterThe ability to use prestige forms emerges relatively late
Speech markerAges 31-45 centralised diphthongs
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