Social Thinking

dariontwitty's version from 2016-07-20 23:41


Question Answer
Sharing one's fears, thoughts, and goals with another person and being met with nonjudmental empathyself-disclosure
States that we are more likely to respond to others aggressivelly whenever we are feeling negative emotionscognitive neoassociation model
Results when the caregiver has little or no reponse to a distressed childavoidant attachment
Results when a caregiver has an inconsistent response to a child's distress, sometimes responding appropriatelly, sometimes neglectfullyambivalent attachment
Children with this type of attachment show no clear pattern of behavior in response to the caregiver's absence or presence, but instead can show a mix of different behaviorsdisorganized attachment
Development of a trait to match a preexisting preference that exists in the populationsensory bias
A positive feedback mechanisms in which a particular trait that has no effect on survival becomes more and more exaggerated over timefisherian or runaway selection
A trait that signifies overall good health and well-being of an organism, increasing its attractiveness to matesindicator traits
The idea that first impressions are often more important than subsequent impressionsprimacy effect
Idea that individuals tend to organize the perception of others based on traits and personal characteristics of the target that are most relevant to the perceiverreliance on central traits
cognitive bias in which judgments about a specific aspects of an individual can be affected by one's overall impression of the individualhalo effect
good things happen to good people and bad things happen to bad peoplejust-world hypothesis
bias that refers to the fact that individuals will view their own success based on internal factors while viewing failures based on external factorsself-serving bias
The tendency for individuals to infer the causes of other people's behaviorattribution theory
This posits that we are generally biased toward making dispositional attributions rather than situational attributions, especially in negative contextsfundamental attribution error
Perception of another culture as different from one's own, but with the recognition that the cultural values, mores, and rules of a culture fit into that culture itselfcultural relativism