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Social Processes, Attitudes, and Behavior

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dariontwitty's version from 2016-07-19 19:39

Section

Question Answer
The phenomenon that people perform better on simple tasks when in the presence of others Social facilitation
According to this, presence of others will significantly raise arousal which enhances the ability to perform tasks one is already good at or hinder the performance of less familiar tasksYerkes-Dodson law of social facilitation
Social phenomenon that occurs when individuals are in a group setting; may lead to antinormative behaviorDeindividuation
Tendency of individuals to put in less effort when in a group setting than individuallySocial loafing
Occurs when an individual's sate of harmony is disrupted by a threat of social rejectionIdentity shift effect
Simultaneous presence of two opposing thoughts or opinionCognitive dissonance
Tendency for groups to make decisions that are more extreme than the individual ideas and inclinations of the members within the groupGroup polarization
Social phenomenon in which desire for harmony or conformity results in a group of people coming to an incorrect or poor decisionGroup think
Process by which an individual's or group's behavior and culture begin to resemble that of another groupAssimilation
Primary factors used to assess completeness of assimlationsocioeconomic status, geographical distribution, language attainment, and intermarriage
A group of people within a culture that distinguish themselves from the primary culture to which they belongSubcultures
Process by which a person prepares for future changes in occupations, living situations, or relationshipsAnticipatory socialization
Process by which one discards old behaviors in favor of new ones to make a life changeResocialization
Norms that refer to behavior that is considered polite in particular contextsFolkways
Extreme disapproval or dislike of a person or group based on perceived differences from the rest of societyStigma
Theory that proposes that labels given to people affect not only how others respond to that person, but also the person's self-imageLabeling theory
This type of conformity is surface level and does not include internalization of the ideas of a groupIdentification
Compliance technique in which a small request is made and after gaining compliance a larger request is madeFoot-in-the-door technique
Compliance technique in which a large request is made at first, if refused, a second, smaller request is madeDoor-in-the-face technique
Theory states that attitudes serve four functions: knowledge, ego expression, adaptation, and ego defenseFunctional attitudes theory
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