funeral rite that is adjusted to the needs and wants of those directly involved; altered to suit the trends of the times.
American Board of Funeral Service Education
The agency charged with developing curriculum and accreditation standards for funeral service education programs in the United States
early Roman view of the afterlife which emphasizes the soul as the vital principle. The soul at death hovered around the place of burial and required constant attention of the descendents to be happy. Neglect would bring evil upon them
human shaped; some early coffins were described as anthropoidal shaped
Egyptian god of embalming said to be of human form with the head of a jackal
created in 1800's London by the 'poor' people as a means to afford funerals; costs were shared by others via weekly collections; were the forerunners of industrial insurance.
burial in woolen act of 1666
required that woolen cloth be substituted for linen in the shroud and lining of the coffin; was an attempt to shift the use of imported linen to the expanding paper industry of England and provide customers for the wool industry. Heavy fines were assessed for violation; not repealed until 1814.
outer enclosure for caskets placed in the grave; originally intended to prevent grave robbery
used by the Egyptians; four jars, usually made of alabaster, limestone, clay or basalt, whose tops were surmounted by the images of the four children of Horus, each held a specific portion of the viscera of the deceased.
from the French term 'casse' meaning Jewel box' or container for something valuable; came into dominant use in patent literature for burial receptacles in 1890's in America; a rigid container which is designed for the encasement of human remains and which is usually constructed of wood, metal, fiberglass, plastic, or like material, and ornamented and lined with fabric.
type of ice chest placed over the torso the body in order to slow down the process of decomposition prior to the funeral. It was typically a responsibility of the undertaker to provide ice and change the ice when it melted.
method of disposing of the dead body via fire; first attributed to the ancient Greeks.
cremation association of North America
Founded in 1913, CANA is an international organization of cemeterians, cremationists, funeral directors, industry suppliers and consultants. CANA was originally formed to promote cremation as a modem, safe and hygienic way of dealing with a dead human body
English custom of Middle Ages which lasted until 19th Century; person who walked the street calling out the name of the deceased and asking people to pray for the soul of the departed
master of ceremonies and director of the ancient Roman funeral procession
disposition of human remains without any rites or ceremonies
traveling salesmen who went from town to town selling their products. Early embalmers often obtained their products and training in this manner
a life — sized, waxen recreation (dummy) of the deceased; often used at state funerals because the body of the deceased should be present for the funeral, but could not be preserved for that length of time
in greek mythology, the greek version of heaven
burial outside the walls of the city; concept introduced during the ancient Roman times.
provided supplies and merchandise (i.e. door badges, carriages, etc.) to funeral undertakers who were dealing directly with the public. Furnishing undertakers filled the role of middle man.
Jean N Gannaal
French chemist who developed early embalming methods including injection through the carotid arteries. Author of History of Embalming
J. Anthony Gaussardia
patented a process of embalming involving the injection of an arsenic-alcohol mixture
apparatus used to inject arterial fluid during the vascular (arterial) phase of the embalming process; relies on gravity to create the pressure required to deliver the fluid (.43 pounds of pressure per one foot elevation)
method to apply a continuous flow of embalming solution via manual manipulation of a handheld mechanism.
translated Gannal's History of Embalming; responsible for bringing the European embalming techniques to the United States.
Dr. William Harvey
discovered the circulation of blood
today, a vehicle specially designed to transport casketed remains; derived from French word, herse; originally a stationary framework of wood to hold candles and decorations placed on the coffin; forerunner was a bier; hearse and bier were used interchangeably until mid 19th c.; aka funeral coach
Dr. Thomas Holmes
"Father of Modem Embalming in the United States"
Scottish anatomist credited with the discovery of "Hunters Canal."