tasnimjaisee's version from 2018-03-26 05:59

Section 1

Question Answer
How can we understand agingNot just biological function and physiological change, also a product of social norms and expectation
Rites of passagerituals signifying transition from one life stage to another (norms and/or laws)
GenerationType of age cohort with unique & formative youth experiences with consciously belonging
Cross-over effectyoung children are in less numbers than elderly
“pig through python”schools, labour and health market being stretched by baby boomers
Centenarianspeople who have reached 100 years of age or more; fastest growing population
Aging and Social InstitutionsFamilies/Caregiving (Sandwich gen/emotional labour) - Labour market and costs of aging - Media (negative attitudes)
Media representation of seniorsIdeals perpetuate negative attitudes for elderly- Gendered differences - Autonomy, youthfulness, busyness, and consumption are seen as desirable attributes of later life
Counter arguments to agismAdvanced medical services - New roles - Less than 8% live in residence
Age stratification theoryYounger people are higher up on social hierarchy than elderly people
Functional theoryElderly retire to make room for new workers. (Disengagement Theory: job loss is required for transition through life course)
Symbolic interactionismPeople attribute to their aging (Activity theory: people who see themselves as engaged in society have positive attitudes to aging)
Four types of activities regarding beautyCamoflauging - Extending - Adapting - Reconstructioning
Conflict theorybuilds off stratification theory - Economic and political structures of society linked to inequalities
5 components of stigmaLabeling - Stereotype - Seperation - Status loss - Discrimination

Section 2

Question Answer
Biases of Family researchAgeist - Conservative - Heterosexual - Microstructure - Microstructural - Monolithic - Racist - Sexist
Forces shaping satisfactionEconomic - Divorce laws - Family life - Housework/child care - Subjections of marriage
Family Decline HypothesisNo proper family values - Selfishness
Family change perspectiveWrong to compare contemporary families to postwar 1950s families
Pull theory of childlessness Freedom (Time, money) - Relationship (sexual relationships decline after marriage)
Push theory of childlessnessLoss (Energy, identity, independence) - Unpaid work
Stigma managementPassing - Identity substitution - Justification - Excuses
Big changes in labourmore paid hours - cutbacks to schools, healthcare and social services - both parents need to work


Section 3

Question Answer
Theoretical Insights into Religion as Functionalists (4)Social glue that binds people together - Durkheim - Collective effervescence - Profane - Sacred - Can be dysfunctonal
Durkheim's functionalist view on religion Social Cohesion and Belonging - Social control - Meaning and purpose
Three primary assumptions of conflict theory in religionsocially constructed and built upon economic relationships - diminishes feelings of frustration resulting from the forces of alienation - Religion is used by the social, political, and economic elite as a form of control
Symbolic interactionist interpretationRemembering - Social bonding - Moral behaviour - Empowerment
ReligiosityBelonging - Beliefs - Behaviour
Six interrelated features of the new religious consciousnessindividualism - religious experience - pragmatic - tolerance - holistic - organizational openness